In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft. It is a highly popular database system that provides an efficient and secure way to store and retrieve data. SQL Server is used by businesses of all sizes to manage and store data for applications, websites, and other systems. While it is commonly used on Windows servers, SQL Server can also be installed on Ubuntu, a popular Linux distribution.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Microsoft SQL Server database on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 22.04, 20.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Microsoft SQL.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install wget apt-transport-https gnupg2 software-properties-common
Step 2. Installing Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu 22.04.
By default, Microsoft SQL is not available on Ubuntu 22.04 base repository. Now run the following command below to add the Microsoft SQL Server repository to the Ubuntu package sources:
sudo add-apt-repository "$(wget -qO- https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/22.04/mssql-server-2019.list)"
Next, import the GPG key using the following command:
wget -qO- https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add -
After adding the repository, update the package list and install SQL Server by running the following command below:
sudo apt update sudo apt install mssql-server
During the installation process, you’ll be prompted to set the SA account password. This account is the system administrator for SQL Server and has full control over the database server. Choose a strong password and keep it in a safe place.
After installation, you can verify that SQL Server is running by running the following command:
systemctl status mssql-server --no-pager
Step 3. Connect to SQL Server.
Now that SQL Server is installed, you can connect to it from the command line or through a graphical user interface (GUI) tool. One popular GUI tool for managing SQL Server on Linux is Azure Data Studio.
To connect to SQL Server from the command line, use the
sqlcmd command followed by the server name and SA account login:
sqlcmd -S localhost -U SA -P [your-strong-password]
Step 4. Configure Firewall.
By default, Ubuntu 22.04 LTS has the Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW) enabled. This firewall needs to be configured to allow traffic to and from Microsoft SQL Server. You can do this by running the following commands in the terminal:
sudo ufw allow 1433/tcp sudo ufw enable
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Microsoft SQL Server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Microsoft SQL Server database on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Microsoft website.