How To Install Minecraft Server on Debian 9 Stretch

Install Minecraft Server on Debian 9 Stretch

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install the Minecraft server on Debian 9 Stretch. For those of you who didn’t know, Minecraft is a game about breaking and placing blocks. The creative and building aspects of Minecraft allow players to build constructions out of textured cubes in a 3D procedurally generated world. Minecraft servers allow players to play online or via a local area network with other people. They may either be run on a hosted server, on local dedicated server hardware, a Virtual Private server on a home machine, or on your local gaming computer.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Minecraft Server on a Debian 9 Stretch server.

Install Minecraft Server on Debian 9 Stretch

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install git build-essential

Step 2. Installing Java-JDK.

Minecraft server setup requires Java to be installed on your system:

sudo apt install openjdk-8-jre-headless

Verify the installation by printing the java version:

java -version

Step 3. Installing Minecraft Server on Debian 9.

First, run the following command to create three new directories inside the user home directory:

mkdir -p ~/{backups,tools,server}

Next, Downloading and Compiling mcrcon:

cd ~/tools && git clone https://github.com/Tiiffi/mcrcon.git
cd ~/tools/mcrcon
gcc -std=gnu11 -pedantic -Wall -Wextra -O2 -s -o mcrcon mcrcon.c
./mcrcon -h

Then, Downloading Minecraft Server:

wget https://launcher.mojang.com/v1/objects/3737db93722a9e39eeada7c27e7aca28b144ffa7/server.jar -P ~/server

Step 4. Configuring Minecraft Server.

Once the download is completed, navigate to the ~/server directory and start the Minecraft server:

cd ~/server
java -Xmx1024M -Xms512M -d64 -jar server.jar nogui

Next, Open the eula.txt file and change eula=false to eula=true:

### nano ~/server/eula.txt

#By changing the setting below to TRUE you are indicating your agreement to our EULA (https://account.mojang.com/documents/minecraft_eula).
#Thu Dec 27 03:33:56 PST 2018
eula=true

Then, edit the server.properties file to enable the rcon protocol and set the rcon password. You can use this setting to connect to the Minecraft server using the mcrcon tool:

### nano ~/server/server.properties
rcon.port=23888
rcon.password=your-strong-password
enable-rcon=true

Step 5. Creating Systemd.

To run Minecraft as a service we will create a new Systemd unit file:

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service

Paste the following file:

[Unit]
Description=Minecraft Server
After=network.target

[Service]
User=minecraft
Nice=1
KillMode=none
SuccessExitStatus=0 1
ProtectHome=true
ProtectSystem=full
PrivateDevices=true
NoNewPrivileges=true
WorkingDirectory=/opt/minecraft/server
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xmx1024M -Xms512M -jar server.jar nogui --noconsole
ExecStop=/opt/minecraft/tools/mcrcon/mcrcon -H 127.0.0.1 -P 23888 -p strong-password stop

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Save and close the file and notify systemd that we created a new unit file:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl start minecraft

Step 6. Configure Firewall.

If your server is protected by a firewall and you want to access the Minecraft server from the outside of your local network you need to open port 25565:

sudo ufw allow 25565/tcp

Step 7. Accessing Minecraft Console.

To access the Minecraft Console you can use the mcrcon utility. The syntax is as follows, you need to specify the host, rcon port, rcon password and use the -t switch which enables the mcrcon terminal mode:

/opt/minecraft/tools/mcrcon/mcrcon -H 127.0.0.1 -P 23888 -p strong-password -t

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Minecraft. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Minecraft server on Debian 9 (Stretch) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Minecraft website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!