In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on Debian 9 Stretch. For those of you who didn’t know, MongoDB is a NoSQL document-oriented database. Refers to a database with a data model other than the tabular format used in relational databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL. MongoDB features include full index support, replication, and high availability, and auto-sharding. It is cross-platform and it makes the process of data integration faster and much easier. Since it is free and open-source, MongoDB is used by a number of websites and organizations.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of MongoDB on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 9 (Stretch).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install MongoDB on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing MongoDB on Debian 9.
For installing the latest stable version of MongoDB you should add the MongoDB repository but first, you should Import the public key used by the package management system:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
Then, add the MongoDB repository to the system:
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian stretch/mongodb-org/4.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.0.list
Next, install the MongoDB packages using the apt command:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org
To verify it is successfully installed, run the commands below to view its running status:
# sudo service mongodb enable # sudo service mongodb start # sudo service mongodb status ●mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Mon 2019-01-30 16:26:59 UTC; 8s ago Docs: https://docs.mongodb.org/manual Main PID: 2599 (mongod) CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service └─2599 /usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf Jan 30 16:26:59 mongod9 systemd: Started MongoDB Database Server.
Confirm the version of MongoDB:
A good way to start using MongoDB on your Debian 9 is to read the MongoDB manual on the official website.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed MongoDB. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the MongoDB database on the Debian 9 server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MongoDB website.