In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, MongoDB is a NoSQL document-oriented database. Refers to a database with a data model other than the tabular format used in relational databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL. MongoDB features include full index support, replication, and high availability, and auto-sharding. It is cross-platform and it makes the process of data integration faster and much easier. Since it is free and open-source, MongoDB is used by a number of websites and organizations.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of MongoDB on a Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install MongoDB on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install MongoDB on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
First to completely remove an existing MongoDB from your machine if you have that in already:
sudo apt-get remove mongodb sudo apt-get autoremove
A stable version of MongoDB packages is already in the default Ubuntu repository. However, the version in Ubuntu’s repository isn’t the latest. If you want to install the latest version you must add a third-party repository to your system and install it from there:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 0C49F3730359A14518585931BC711F9BA15703C6
After adding the repository key to Ubuntu, run the commands below to add the MongoDB repository to your system:
echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/ubuntu trusty/mongodb-org/3.4 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.4.list
After that, update your system and refresh existing repositories by running the commands below:
And now install the latest stable version of MongoDB:
apt install -y mongodb-org
Step 3. Verifying MongoDB database.
After installing MongoDB, the commands below can be used to stop, start, and enable MongoDB to automatically startup when the systems boot up:
# sudo systemctl start mongod.service # sudo systemctl enable mongod.service # sudo systemctl status mongod.service ● mongodb.service - LSB: An object/document-oriented database Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/mongodb; bad; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Thu 2016-06-4 16:40:35 IST; 14s ago Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8) Process: 2849 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/mongodb start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 1593 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Tasks: 13 (limit: 512) Memory: 51.9M CPU: 100ms CGroup: /system.slice/mongodb.service └─2861 /usr/bin/mongod --config /etc/mongodb.conf
A good way to start using MongoDB on your Ubuntu 16.04 is to read the MongoDB manual on the official website.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed MongoDB. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing MongoDB in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MongoDB website.