In this tutorial we will show you how to install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Moodle is an Open Source Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It has become very popular among educators around the world as a tool for creating online dynamic web sites for their students. Moodle brings features include assignment submission, online quizzes, wiki, grading, instant messages, discussion boards, and others. But since it’s a modular software, it can be extended via plugins to add extra functionality.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Moodle on a Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) server.
Install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 16.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:
Step 3. Installing Moodle.
First thing to do is to go to Moodle’s download page and download the latest stable version of Moodle, At the moment of writing this article it is version 3.2. You can also get the latest package of Moodle using Git. To do so we will be using the below command in ‘/opt’ directory:
Change to the newly created Moodle repository that will appear after the cloning process in the main directory /opt:
The different versions of Moodle are stored in branches within this Git repository. This means that multiple versions of the Moodle code exist, with each version being known as a Git “branch.” To retrieve a list of all branches that are available on the remote code source, use:
After fetching the branch list, setup your local repository to track the specific branch you want on the remote repository, in this case MOODLE_32_STABLE:
Finally, Check out the Moodle version specified:
Now we will have to place the contents into the document root directory of Apache web server and then give it the right permissions by using the below commands:
Step 4. Configuring MySQL for Moodle.
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each steps carefully which will set root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Configure it like this:
Next we will need to log in to the MySQL console and create a database for the Moodle. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MySQL root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Moodle installation:
In MySQL server setup first we will configure the default storage engine to innodb by opening the ‘my.cnf’ file:
With the file open, locate the [mysqld] section and find “Basic Settings.” Under the last statement, add the following lines before saving and closing the file:
Now, we can restart MySQL web server so that the changes take place:
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Moodle.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘moodle.conf’ on your virtual server:
Add the following lines:
Now, we can restart Apache web server so that the changes take place:
Step 6. Accessing Moodle.
Moodle will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip.
Step 1: Select language
Step 2: Enter the “Data directory (moodledata) path, in our case it is /var/moodledata
Step 3: Choose database driver, MySQL.
Step 4: Enter the Database settings.
Once Moodle is completely installed on your Ubuntu 16.04, you will need to set up a cron job. Here is a typical cron entry:
Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed Moodle. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Moodle web site.