FedoraRHEL Based

How To Install Nagios on Fedora 39

Install Nagios on Fedora 39

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Nagios on Fedora 39. Nagios, a powerful open-source monitoring system, is a vital tool for any network administrator. It provides real-time health checks of servers, applications, and network infrastructure, enabling proactive management and issue resolution.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Nagios monitoring tool on a Fedora 39.


Before diving into the installation process, let’s ensure that you have everything you need:

  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Fedora 39.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • You will need access to the terminal to execute commands. Fedora 39 provides the Terminal application for this purpose. It can be found in your Applications menu.
  • A network connection or internet access to download the Nagios packages.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Nagios on Fedora 39

Step 1. Before installing any new software, it’s always a good idea to update your system packages. This ensures that you have the latest versions of all software and libraries, which can help prevent compatibility issues. To update your system packages, open the terminal and run the following command:

sudo dnf clean all
sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install httpd php gcc glibc gd gd-devel wget tar make

Step 2. Create Nagios user and group.

Now that our system is ready, let’s proceed with the Nagios installation. Start by creating a Nagios user and group. This step enhances security by ensuring Nagios operations are performed under a specific user:

sudo useradd nagios
sudo groupadd nagcmd
sudo usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios

Step 3. Installing Nagios on Fedora 39.

Next, download the Nagios Core and Nagios Plugins source files. You can find the latest versions on the official Nagios website. Use the wget command to download the files:

wget https://assets.nagios.com/downloads/nagioscore/releases/nagios-4.x.tar.gz
wget https://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-x.x.tar.gz

Extract the downloaded files and compile Nagios Core:

tar xzf nagios-4.x.tar.gz
cd nagios-4.x/
./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd
make all

Install the Nagios binaries, init scripts, and sample configuration files:

sudo make install
sudo make install-init
sudo make install-config
sudo make install-commandmode

Set the necessary permissions:

sudo usermod -a -G nagcmd apache

Finally, verify the Nagios configuration to ensure everything is set up correctly:

Step 4. Configuration.

With Nagios installed, it’s time to configure the web server to serve the Nagios web interface. Edit the Apache configuration file and add the necessary directives:

sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/nagios.conf

Add the following line:

ScriptAlias /nagios/cgi-bin "/usr/local/nagios/sbin"
<Directory "/usr/local/nagios/sbin">
   Options ExecCGI
   AllowOverride None
   Order allow,deny
   Allow from all
   AuthName "Nagios Access"
   AuthType Basic
   AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users
   Require valid-user

Alias /nagios "/usr/local/nagios/share"
<Directory "/usr/local/nagios/share">
   Options None
   AllowOverride None
   Order allow,deny
   Allow from all
   AuthName "Nagios Access"
   AuthType Basic
   AuthUserFile /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users
   Require valid-user

Save the file, then set up user authentication for the Nagios web interface. Create a nagiosadmin user and set a password:

sudo htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

 Nagios configuration files define hosts, services, and contacts. Organize these files in a way that suits your network infrastructure. Add command definitions and time periods as needed. Validate the Nagios configuration files to ensure they are correctly formatted:

/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

Finally, start the Nagios service and enable it to start at boot:

sudo systemctl start nagios
sudo systemctl enable nagios

Step 5. Accessing the Nagios Web UI.

Access the Nagios web interface by navigating to http://your_server_ip/nagios in your web browser. Complete the initial setup and start monitoring your first host and service to ensure Nagios is functioning correctly.

Install Nagios on Fedora 39

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Nagios. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Nagios open-source monitoring tool on your Fedora 39 system. For additional or useful information, we recommend you check the official Nagios website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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