In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Nessus Scanner on Debian 12. In the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity, ensuring the safety and integrity of your systems is paramount. Vulnerability scanning tools like Nessus Scanner play a pivotal role in identifying potential weaknesses in your network and applications.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Tenable Nessus Scanner on Debian 12. You can follow the same instructions for Debian 11 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
- An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Nessus Scanner.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Nessus Scanner on Debian 12 Bookworm
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update
This command will refresh the repository, allowing you to install the latest versions of software packages.
Step 2. Installing Tenable Nessus Scanner on the Debian 12.
First, download the Nessus Debian package from the official website using the following command:
wget https://www.tenable.com/downloads/api/v1/public/pages/nessus/downloads/13147/download?i_agree_to_tenable_license_agreement=true -O Nessus.deb
This will download the Nessus Debian package and save it as
Nessus.deb in the current directory.
Next, install the Nessus Debian package using the following command below:
sudo dpkg -i Nessus.deb
After installation, start and enable Nessus service to run on system boot:
sudo systemctl enable --now nessusd sudo systemctl status nessusd
Step 3. Configure UFW Firewall.
The Tenable Nessus runs on port number 8834, thus to access its web interface remotely using the browser, we need to open this port in our Ubuntu firewall:
sudo ufw enable sudo ufw allow 8834/tcp
Check the UFW status using the following command:
sudo ufw status
Step 4. Accessing Nessus Scanner Web Interface.
Open your web browser and navigate to
https://localhost:8834/. This will open the Nessus web interface.
The initial web page of the Nessus will ask you to select the product that you want to install.
- Nessus Essentials – The free version for educators, students, and hobbyists
- Nessus Professional– The de-facto industry standard vulnerability assessment solution of security practitioners.
- Nessus Manager – The enterprise solution for managing Nessus Agent at scale.
- Managed Scanner – Link your scanner to another Tenable solution such as Tenable.io and Tenable. sc.
Next, enter your email address to get the activation code, so that we can activate the product to use it further. The best way to get the code is to visit the Registration page and register for a Professional or free version to get an Activation one.
Step 5. Troubleshooting.
- A. Common Installation Issues
If you encounter any installation issues or errors, consult the Nessus documentation or community forums for assistance. Common issues may include network problems, missing dependencies, or incorrect configurations.
- B. Useful Resources and Forums for Assistance
Here are some valuable resources for further assistance and information:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed the Nessus. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Tenable Nessus Scanner on the Debian system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Nessus website.