How To Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream

Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream. For those of you who didn’t know, Nginx (Engine X) is the most popular, powerful web server software that can be used on your server. It is also known for its high performance and low memory usage. In addition to its HTTP server capabilities, NGINX can also function as a proxy server for e-mail (IMAP, POP3, and SMTP) and a reverse proxy and load balancer for HTTP, TCP, and UDP servers.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Nginx web server on CentOS 9 Stream.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 9 Stream.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues
  • You’ll need an active internet connection to download Nginx and its dependencies.
  • A network connection or internet access to download the Nginx package.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream

Step 1. First, keeping your system updated is crucial for security and performance:

sudo dnf update

Step 2. Installing the Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream.

By default, Nginx is available on the CentOS 9 Stream base repository. Now we run the following command to install Nginx to your system:

sudo dnf install nginx

Once the installation is complete, now enable Nginx (to start automatically upon system boot), start the webserver, and verify the status using the commands below:

sudo systemctl start nginx
sudo systemctl enable nginx
sudo systemctl status nginx

To verify the Nginx version, use the following command to confirm:

nginx -v

Step 3. Configure Firewall.

If your server is protected by a firewall you need to open both HTTP (80) and HTTPS (443) ports:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http 
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 4. Verify Nginx Installation.

Once successfully installed, open http://your-IP-address in your browser of choice, and you will see the default Nginx welcome page as shown in the image below:

Install Nginx on CentOS 9 Stream

Step 5. Nginx Configuration File’s Structure.

You don’t need to configure Nginx upon installation. However, you should know the location of the configuration files and the Nginx root directory in case you need to modify the configuration.

  • Nginx configuration directory: /etc/nginx
  • Nginx root directory: /usr/share/nginx/html
  • Master/Global configuration file: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Nginx. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the Nginx web server on CentOS 9 Stream. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Nginx website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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