How To Install Node.js on Debian 10

Install Node.js on Debian 10

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Node.js on Debian 10. For those of you who didn’t know, Node.js is a widely-used program that lets you use your JavaScript skills outside the confines of the browser. Using Node.js, you can build anything from a simple command-line tool to dynamic HTTP servers and APIs. And it’s open-sourced and constantly being updated by both enterprise and open-source developers. Npm is the default package manager for Node.js that helps developers to share and reuse their code.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Node.js on a Debian 10 (Buster).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 10 (Buster).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • Node.js commands will be run in the terminal.
  • This is crucial as the installation will fetch packages from online repositories.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Node.js on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before running the tutorial below, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update

Step 2. Installing Node.js on Debian 10.

  • Install Node.js and npm from the Debian repositories.

To install Node.js and npm on Debian use the following commands:

sudo apt install nodejs npm

Once the installation is completed, verify the installation using the following commands below:

nodejs --version
  • Install Node.js and npm from NodeSource repositories.

Now we add the NodeSource repository to your system:

curl -fsSL | sudo bash -

After adding the repository run the following command to install Node.js and npm:

sudo apt install nodejs

To ensure everything was installed correctly, check for the version of Node.js currently installed on your machine:

node --version
  • Install Node.js and npm using nvm.

To get the nvm installation script from their GitHub page, use either wget command below:

wget -qO- | bash

You can verify the nvm installation by typing:

nvm --version

Now you have nvm installed on your Debian Linux system. You can install the latest available stable version of Node.js using the below command:

nvm install node

Ensure that Node.js is properly installed by typing:

node --version

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Node.js. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Node.js on the Debian system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Node.js website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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