How To Install OpenCart on Ubuntu 16.04

Install OpenCart on Ubuntu 16.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of OpenCart on your Ubuntu 16.04 server. For those of you who didn’t know, OpenCart is a free open source eCommerce platform for online merchants. OpenCart provides a professional and reliable foundation from which to build a successful online store.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation OpenCart on a Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) server.

Install OpenCart on Ubuntu 16.04

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.

A Ubuntu 16.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:

apt-get install php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-cgi php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt

Step 3. Installing OpenCart.

The first thing to do is to go to OpenCart’s download page and download the latest stable version of OpenCart, At the moment of writing this article it is version 2.3.0.2:

wget https://github.com/opencart/opencart/archive/2.3.0.2.zip
unzip 2.3.0.2.zip
mv opencart-2.3.0.2/upload/* /var/www/html/

Rename the file ‘config-dist.php’ to ‘config.php’:

mv config-dist.php config.php

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/html
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for OpenCart.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the OpenCart. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for OpenCart installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE opencart;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON opencart.* TO 'opencartuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'opencartuser_passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> \q

Step 5. Accessing OpenCart.

OpenCart will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OpenCart. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing OpenCart e-commerce on Ubuntu 16.04 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official OpenCart website.

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