How To Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, OwnCloud is free and open-source software that enables you to create a private “file-hosting” cloud. OwnCloud is similar to DropBox service with the difference of being free to download and install on your private server. Owncloud made by PHP and backend database MySQL (MariaDB), SQLLite, or PostgreSQL. OwnCloud also enables you to easily view and sync address book, calendar events, tasks, and bookmarks. You can access it via the good looking and easy to use the web interface or install OwnCloud client on your Desktop or Laptop machine (supports Linux, Windows, and macOS).

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation OwnCloud on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.

Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, and PHP) server.

A Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:

apt-get install php7.1-cli php7.1-gd php7.1-opcache php7.1-mysql php7.1-json php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-xml php7.1-curl

Step 3. Installing OwnCloud 10 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

The first thing to do is to go to OwnCloud’s download page and download the latest stable version of OwnCloud, At the moment of writing this article it is version 10:

wget https://download.owncloud.org/community/owncloud-10.0.9.zip
unzip owncloud-10.0.9.zip
sudo mv owncloud /var/www/html/owncloud/

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/owncloud/
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/owncloud/

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for OwnCloud.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the OwnCloud. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for OwnCloud installation:

CREATE DATABASE ownclouddb;
CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YOURPASSWORD';
GRANT ALL ON ownclouddb.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for OwnCloud.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘owncloud.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/owncloud.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/owncloud/
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
<Directory /var/www/html/owncloud/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

a2ensite owncloud.conf
a2enmod rewrite
a2enmod headers
a2enmod env
a2enmod dir
a2enmod mime
systemctl restart apache2.service

Step 6. Accessing the OwnCloud Configuration.

To configure ownCloud, we will use the web interface. So, go ahead and open up a web browser and point it to http://your-domain.com. You should see a web page like this. Enter username and password for the administrator user account, click on the ‘Advanced options’ hyperlink and enter the data directory (or leave the default setting), then enter database username, database password, database name, host (localhost) and click ‘Finish setup’.

Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Alternately you can also download the ownCloud clients to sync the documents across your devices.

Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

The home page will look like below; you can start uploading the contents using “+ sign” button.

Install OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OwnCloud. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing OwnCloud on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official OwnCloud website.

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