How To Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, PHP is arguably one of the most widely used server-side programming languages to create dynamic websites such as E-commerce sites, Blogs, WordPress, etc.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver). You can follow the same instructions for any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install lsb-release ca-certificates apt-transport-https software-properties-common

Step 2. Installing PHP 8 on Ubuntu 18.04.

  • Install PHP 8 from the PPA repository.

Now, enable the PHP repository from Ondřej Surý using the commands as shown below:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Once done, install PHP 8.0 on Ubuntu 18.04 Linux machine:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install php8.0

We can check PHP 8.0 version on the Machine with simple PHP command:

php --version

Output:

PHP 8.0.3 (cli) (built: Mar  21 2021 14:54:12) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.0.3, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v8.0.3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Step 3. Installing PHP 8 Extensions on Ubuntu.

For installing various PHP extensions on the Ubuntu machine with the same apt-get command, below are some examples for the same:

sudo apt install php8.0-Extension-Name

There is various PHP 8.0 extension with this repository like below:

sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php8.0
sudo apt install php8.0-fpm
sudo apt install php8.0-opcache

Then restart the Apache webserver for the changes to come into effect:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 4. Testing PHP.

First, create a test PHP file called info.php in the webserver default home directory:

sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php

Then copy and paste the line into the file and save it:

<?php
phpinfo();

Once done, now we open the browser and browse to the server hostname or IP address followed by the name of the file you created above:

http://your-ip-address/info.php

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PHP. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) 8 on the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PHP website.

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