In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a popular server scripting language known for creating dynamic and interactive Web pages. PHP is a widely-used programming language on the Web.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install software-properties-common
Step 2. Installing PHP 8 on Ubuntu 20.04.
Now we add a third-party PPA to Ubuntu:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
Then, you can update the packages cache in the system and install PHP packages:
sudo apt update sudo apt install php8.0 libapache2-mod-php8.0
After installing, you can restart Apache using the following commands:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Once successfully installed, you can confirm this using the following command:
$ php -v
HP 8.0.0RC3 (cli) (built: Nov 26 2020 19:06:36) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) The PHP Group Zend Engine v4.0.0-dev, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies with Zend OPcache v8.0.0RC3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies
Step 3. Installing PHP 8 Extensions.
To install PHP 8 extensions on Ubuntu 20.04 using the command syntax:
sudo apt install php8.0-[extension]
Some available extensions are as shown below:
$ sudo apt install php8.0- php8.0-amqp php8.0-common php8.0-gd php8.0-ldap php8.0-odbc php8.0-readline php8.0-sqlite3 php8.0-xsl php8.0-apcu php8.0-curl php8.0-gmp php8.0-mailparse php8.0-opcache php8.0-redis php8.0-sybase php8.0-yac php8.0-ast php8.0-dba php8.0-igbinary php8.0-mbstring php8.0-pgsql php8.0-rrd php8.0-tidy php8.0-yaml php8.0-bcmath php8.0-dev php8.0-imagick php8.0-memcached php8.0-phpdbg php8.0-smbclient php8.0-uuid php8.0-zip php8.0-bz2 php8.0-ds php8.0-imap php8.0-msgpack php8.0-pspell php8.0-snmp php8.0-xdebug php8.0-zmq php8.0-cgi php8.0-enchant php8.0-interbase php8.0-mysql php8.0-psr php8.0-soap php8.0-xhprof php8.0-cli php8.0-fpm php8.0-intl php8.0-oauth php8.0-raphf php8.0-solr php8.0-xml
An example to install a few more useful extensions:
sudo apt install php8.0-cli php8.0-common php8.0-fpm php8.0-redis php8.0-snmp php8.0-xml
Step 4. Test PHP.
To test PHP, create a text file named
info.php with the content below. Save the file, then browse to it to see if PHP is working:
In this file, paste the following code:
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Try to access it at
http://ip-address/info.php. If the PHP info page is rendered in your browser then everything looks good and you are ready to proceed further.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed PHP. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PHP website.