How to Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, OPcache improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode in shared memory, thereby removing the need for PHP to load and parse scripts on each request, it simply means any consequent requests for the same script then OpCache stores this script on it memory on the first execution, to be reused afterward, thus leading to performance boosts.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04.

Ubuntu 20.04 ships with PHP 7.4 in its upstream repositories. Just install it and the extensions you with the apt package manager:

sudo apt install php php-cli php-fpm php-opcache php-mysql php-zip php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml

Once the package has finished installing, we can test PHP in the command line:

$ php -version

PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: May 20 2020 18:46:36) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.4.3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Step 3. Configure PHP OPcache on the Ubuntu system.

Now we open the PHP configuration file with the following command:

  • PHP is interpreted using the Apache module:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
  • PHP is interpreted using the Nginx module:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini

The following settings should get you started with using OPcache and are generally recommended for good performance. You can enable a configuration by uncommenting it:

opcache.enable=1
opcache.memory_consumption=128
opcache.max_accelerated_files=3000
opcache.revalidate_freq=200

Finally, you need to restart php-fpm and Apache or Nginx for reflecting the changes that you made:

sudo systemctl restart apache2 ### Apache
sudo systemctl restart nginx   ### Nginx
sudo systemctl restart php7.4-fpm

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PHP OPcache. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the PHP OPcache on your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official PHP website.

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