How to Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, OPcache improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode in shared memory, thereby removing the need for PHP to load and parse scripts on each request, it simply means any consequent requests for the same script then OpCache stores this script on it memory on the first execution, to be reused afterward, thus leading to performance boosts.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint or elementary OS.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for OPcache.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing PHP OPcache on Ubuntu 20.04.

Ubuntu 20.04 ships with PHP 7.4 in its upstream repositories. Just install it and the extensions you with the apt package manager:

sudo apt install php php-cli php-fpm php-opcache php-mysql php-zip php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml

Once the package has finished installing, we can test PHP in the command line:

$ php -version

PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: May 20 2020 18:46:36) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.4.3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Step 3. Configure PHP OPcache on the Ubuntu system.

Now we open the PHP configuration file with the following command:

  • PHP is interpreted using the Apache module:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
  • PHP is interpreted using the Nginx module:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini

The following settings should get you started with using OPcache and are generally recommended for good performance. You can enable a configuration by uncommenting it:


Finally, you need to restart php-fpm and Apache or Nginx for reflecting the changes that you made:

sudo systemctl restart apache2 ### Apache
sudo systemctl restart nginx   ### Nginx
sudo systemctl restart php7.4-fpm

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PHP OPcache. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the PHP OPcache on your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PHP website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!


r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
Back to top button