In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Piwik on your CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Piwik is an open-source web analytics application. It rivals Google Analytics and includes even more features and allows you to brand your brand and send out custom daily, weekly, and monthly reports to your clients.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Piwik on a CentOS 7 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 7.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Piwik on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum clean all yum -y update
Step 3. Install the LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP stack server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install the required PHP modules:
yum -y install php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-snmp curl curl-devel
Step 3. Installing Piwik.
The first thing to do is to go to Piwik’s download page and download the latest stable version of Piwik:
cd /var/www/html/ wget http://builds.piwik.org/latest.zip
Unpack the Piwik archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip latest.zip -d /var/www/html
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/piwik
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Piwik.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Piwik. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Piwik installation:
CREATE DATABASE piwikdb; CREATE USER piwikadmin@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'mySecurepassword'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON piwik.* TO piwikadmin@localhost; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Step 5. Configure Firewall for Piwik.
You will need to open ports 80 at the least and also port 443 if you plan to enable SSL:
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https firewall-cmd --reload
Step 6. Accessing Piwik.
Piwik will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://server-ip/piwik and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Piwik. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Piwik web analytics tool on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Piwik website.