How To Install Polr on CentOS 8

Install Polr on CentOS 8

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Polr on CentOS 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Polr is a quick, modern, and open-source link shortener. It allows you to host your own URL shortener, brand your URLs, and gain control over your data. Polr assists you in promoting your online brand since it is more convenient to share short links and gain better insights by tracking clicks to each individual link.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Polr URL shortener on a CentOS 8.

Install Polr on CentOS 8

Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.

sudo dnf update

Step 2. Installing LAMP Stack.

If you don’t have a LAMP stack already installed on your server, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Composer.

Download and run the Composer installer:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

Step 4. Installing Polr on CentOS 8.

Run the following command to clone the Polr repository from Github:

cd /var/www/html
git clone https://github.com/cydrobolt/polr.git –depth=1

Next, move the downloaded files to the root of the webserver:

mv ./polr/.[!.]* . && mv ./polr/* . && rm -rf polr

After that, install the dependencies with Composer:

php composer.phar install --no-dev -o
cp .env.setup .env

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/
chcon -R -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t storage .env

Step 5. Configuring MariaDB for Polr.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Polr. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Polr installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE polrdb;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON polrdb.* TO 'polr' IDENTIFIED BY 'strong-my-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Step 6. Configure Apache for Polr.

Now we create a new Apache configuration file for the Polr installation:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/polr.conf

Add the following lines:

ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/public"
<Directory "/var/www/html/public">
    Require all granted
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    llow from all
    
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error.log
CustomLog /var/log/httpd/access.log combined

Restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

sudo systemctl restart httpd

Step 7. Configure Firewall.

In case of OS firewall enabled on your server then provide access to port 80 and 443 to be accessed from outside the network:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 8. Accessing the Polr Web Interface.

Polr will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/ and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.

Install Polr on CentOS 8

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Polr. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Polr modern URL shortener on CentOS 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Polr website.

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