In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PostgreSQL on CentOS 8. For those of you who didn’t know, PostgreSQL or Postgres is an open-source relational database management system. It is popular and has many advanced features like reliable transactions and concurrency without reading locks.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step install PostgreSQL on CentOS 8 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 8.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install PostgreSQL on CentOS 8
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
sudo dnf clean all sudo dnf update
Step 2. Install PostgreSQL on CentOS.
PostgreSQL is available in the default repositories. Now, Install PostgreSQL packages using the following command:
sudo dnf install @postgresql:10 sudo dnf install postgresql-contrib
Once the installation is complete, the PostgreSQL installation will not be enabled for automatic start or have the database initialized automatically. To make your database installation complete, you need to perform the following steps:
sudo postgresql-setup initdb
Start the PostgreSQL service and enable it to start on boot:
sudo systemctl enable --now postgresql
You can verify the installation using the below command:
$ sudo -u postgres psql -c "SELECT version();" PostgreSQL 10.6 on x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu, compiled by gcc (GCC) 8.2.1 2019118 (Red Hat 8.2.1-3), 64-bit
Step 3. Accessing PostgreSQL command prompt.
After installing the PostgreSQL database server, by default, it creates a user ‘
postgres’ with role ‘
postgres’. It also creates a system account with the same name ‘
postgres’. So to connect to the Postgres server, log in to your system as a user of Postgres and connect database:
su - postgres psql
Now you are logged in to the PostgreSQL database server. To check login info use the following command from a database command prompt:
To disconnect from the PostgreSQL database command prompt just type the below command and press enter. It will return you back to the Ubuntu command prompt:
Create new user and database:
### For example, let us create a new user called “mailana” with password “meilanamaria”, and database called “meilanadb”. ### sudo -u postgres createuser -D -A -P meilana sudo -u postgres createdb -O mailana meilanadb
Congratulations! You have successfully installed PostgreSQL. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing PostgreSQL on CentOS 8 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PostgreSQL website.