How To Install PostgreSQL on Debian 11

Install PostgreSQL on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PostgreSQL on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, PostgreSQL is a powerful, open-source object-relational database system that uses and extends the SQL language combined with many features that safely store and scale the most complicated data workloads. With over 30 years of active development, PostgreSQL is widely used as a database for numerous mobile and web applications.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of PostgreSQL 13 on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

Install PostgreSQL on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install wget software-properties-common apt-transport-https gnupg gnupg2

Step 2. Installing PostgreSQL on Debian 11.

By default, PostgreSQL is not available to install directly from the Debian 11 base repository. Now we add the official PostgreSQL repository to your system:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/postgresql-keyring.gpg] http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ bullseye-pgdg main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/postgresql.list

Next, import the PostgreSQL signing key:

curl -fsSL https://www.postgresql.org/media/keys/ACCC4CF8.asc | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/postgresql-keyring.gpg

Finally, run the following command below install PostgreSQL:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install postgresql-13

After installing PostgreSQL, start the PostgreSQL service and enable it to start at system reboot:

sudo systemctl start postgresql
sudo systemctl enable postgresql
sudo systemctl status postgresql

Step 3. Accessing PostgreSQL database server.

Once PostgreSQL is installed, a new user called postgres is created by default. You can confirm this by having a peek at the /etc/passwdfile which stores users’ information such as UID and GID:

cat /etc/passwd | grep -i postgres

To connect to the database, switch to the postgres user as shown:

su - postgres
psql

Now you are logged in to the PostgreSQL database server. To check login info use the following command from the database command prompt:

postgres-# \conninfo

Run the help command to view some command usages:

postgres=# help

To disconnect from the PostgreSQL database command prompt just type the below command and press enter. It will return you back to the Ubuntu command prompt:

postgres-# \q

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PostgreSQL. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the PostgreSQL database on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PostgreSQL website.

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