In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PostgreSQL on Fedora 39. PostgreSQL, often referred to as Postgres, is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It’s known for its extensibility, adherence to SQL standards, and its support for various data types.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the PostgreSQL open-source relational database on a Fedora 39.
Before diving into the installation process, let’s ensure that you have everything you need:
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Fedora 39.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
- You’ll need an active internet connection to download PostgreSQL and its dependencies.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install PostgreSQL on Fedora 39
Step 1. Before diving into installation, ensure your Fedora 39 system is up-to-date. Execute the following commands:
sudo dnf clean all sudo dnf update
Step 2. Installing PostgreSQL on Fedora 39.
Adding the PostgreSQL repository is crucial for Fedora 39 users. Follow these steps:
sudo dnf install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/reporpms/F-39-x86_64/pgdg-fedora-repo-latest.noarch.rpm
This command installs the repository configuration package, essential for pulling PostgreSQL packages into your system.
Now that the repository is set up, it’s time to install PostgreSQL. Use
dnf to install the PostgreSQL server and client packages:
sudo dnf install postgresql16-server
Following installation, initialize the PostgreSQL database:
sudo /usr/pgsql-16/bin/postgresql-16-setup initdb
Next, start and enable the PostgreSQL service:
sudo systemctl enable postgresql-16 sudo systemctl start postgresql-16
Step 3. Installation Setup.
Securing your PostgreSQL installation involves creating a superuser account and password. Access the PostgreSQL prompt:
sudo -i -u postgres psql
Inside the PostgreSQL prompt, create a new superuser:
CREATE ROLE your_user WITH SUPERUSER LOGIN PASSWORD 'your_strong_password';
your_user‘ and ‘
your_password‘ with your desired username and password.
To ensure a successful installation, attempt to connect to the PostgreSQL server:
psql -U your_user -d postgres
Step 4. Configure Firewall.
Setting up the firewall for PostgreSQL on Fedora involves allowing traffic on the PostgreSQL port, typically 5432, while blocking unauthorized access. Here are the steps to configure the firewall:
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=5432/tcp --permanent
This command opens port 5432 for TCP traffic on the public zone. The
--permanent flag makes the rule persistent across reboots.
Reload the firewall to apply the changes:
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Check if the rule is added successfully:
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --list-ports
Congratulations! You have successfully installed PostgreSQL. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the PostgreSQL database on your Fedora 39 system. For additional Apache or useful information, we recommend you check the official PostgreSQL website.