How To Install PowerDNS on CentOS 7

Install PowerDNS on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration PowerDNS on CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, PowerDNS is a MySQL-based DNS server, written in C++ and licensed under the GPL. PowerDNS can be managed through a web interface (PowerAdmin). Unlike Bind, PowerDNS can be set up using a multitude of backends such as Bind Zone Files, or various Databases.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of PowerDNS on a CentOS 7 server.

Install PowerDNS on CentOS 7

Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.

yum clean all
yum -y update

Step 2. Installing PowerDNS and backend.

First, you need to enable EPEL repository and all required packages on your system:

yum install epel-release
yum install bind-utils pdns pdns-recursor pdns-backend-mysql mariadb mariadb-server

Enable PowerDNS on boot and start PowerDNS server:

systemctl enable mariadb 
systemctl enable pdns
systemctl enable pdns-recursor

Step 3. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.

mysql_secure_installation

Step 4. Create a PowerDNS Database and User in MariaDB.

Log in as a MariaDB root and create a new database and tables:

$ mysql -uroot -p

create user 'powerdns'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
grant all privileges on powerdns.* to 'powerdns'@'localhost';
flush privileges;
use powerdns;  

CREATE TABLE domains (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  name                  VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  master                VARCHAR(128) DEFAULT NULL,
  last_check            INT DEFAULT NULL,
  type                  VARCHAR(6) NOT NULL,
  notified_serial       INT DEFAULT NULL,
  account               VARCHAR(40) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX name_index ON domains(name);

CREATE TABLE records (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  domain_id             INT DEFAULT NULL,
  name                  VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  type                  VARCHAR(10) DEFAULT NULL,
  content               VARCHAR(64000) DEFAULT NULL,
  ttl                   INT DEFAULT NULL,
  prio                  INT DEFAULT NULL,
  change_date           INT DEFAULT NULL,
  disabled              TINYINT(1) DEFAULT 0,
  ordername             VARCHAR(255) BINARY DEFAULT NULL,
  auth                  TINYINT(1) DEFAULT 1,
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE INDEX nametype_index ON records(name,type);
CREATE INDEX domain_id ON records(domain_id);
CREATE INDEX recordorder ON records (domain_id, ordername);

CREATE TABLE supermasters (
  ip                    VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
  nameserver            VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  account               VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (ip, nameserver)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE TABLE comments (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  domain_id             INT NOT NULL,
  name                  VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  type                  VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL,
  modified_at           INT NOT NULL,
  account               VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL,
  comment               VARCHAR(64000) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE INDEX comments_domain_id_idx ON comments (domain_id);
CREATE INDEX comments_name_type_idx ON comments (name, type);
CREATE INDEX comments_order_idx ON comments (domain_id, modified_at);


CREATE TABLE domainmetadata (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  domain_id             INT NOT NULL,
  kind                  VARCHAR(32),
  content               TEXT,
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE INDEX domainmetadata_idx ON domainmetadata (domain_id, kind);

CREATE TABLE cryptokeys (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  domain_id             INT NOT NULL,
  flags                 INT NOT NULL,
  active                BOOL,
  content               TEXT,
  PRIMARY KEY(id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE INDEX domainidindex ON cryptokeys(domain_id);

CREATE TABLE tsigkeys (
  id                    INT AUTO_INCREMENT,
  name                  VARCHAR(255),
  algorithm             VARCHAR(50),
  secret                VARCHAR(255),
  PRIMARY KEY (id)
) Engine=InnoDB;

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX namealgoindex ON tsigkeys(name, algorithm);

Step 5. Configure PowerDNS.

Open the `/etc/pdns/pdns.conf` file and add the following lines:

allow-axfr-ips=<IPs allowed axfr>
allow-recursion=<IPs allowed recursion>
launch=gmysql
gmysql-host=127.0.0.1
gmysql-user=<yourdbuser>
gmysql-password=<yourdbpassword>
gmysql-dbname=powerdns
local-address=<yourserverIPs>
local-port=53
master=yes
recursor=127.0.0.1:5353
setgid=pdns
setuid=pdns
webserver=yes
webserver-address=<bindipaddress>
webserver-password=<yourpassword>
webserver-port=8081

Finally, restart the Power DNS service:

systemctl restart pdns.service
systemctl enable pdns.service

Step 6. Configure Recursor.

Open the `/etc/pdns-recursor/recursor.conf ` file and add the following lines:

setuid=pdns-recursor
setgid=pdns-recursor
allow-from=127.0.0.0/8
local-address=127.0.0.1
local-port=5353

Start the Recursor service:

systemctl restart pdns-recursor

Test Recursor:

host ping.idroot.us 127.0.0.1

Using domain server:
Name: 127.0.0.1
Address: 127.0.0.1#53
Aliases:

ping.idroot.us has address 194.109.46.8
ping.idroot.us has IPv6 address 2001:888:0:25:169:109:21:66

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PowerDNS. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing PowerDNS on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official PowerDNS website.

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