DebianDebian Based

How To Install PrestaShop on Debian 12

Install PrestaShop on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PrestaShop on Debian 12. PrestaShop is a powerful, open-source e-commerce platform that enables you to create and manage your online store with ease. If you’re a Debian 12 user and want to set up PrestaShop using the Command Line Interface (CLI), you’re in the right place.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the PrestaShop e-commerce platform on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • Make sure your Debian 12 system is connected to the internet. An active connection is essential for downloading the required packages and updates during the installation.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install PrestaShop on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. To guarantee a smooth installation, it’s crucial to update and upgrade your Debian system. Use the following commands to bring your system up to date:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

This command updates the package list and upgrades the installed packages to their latest versions.

Step 2. Installing LEMP Stack.

Before you install PrestaShop, you need to set up a LAMP (Linux, Nginx, MariaDB, PHP) stack on your Debian server.

Step 3. Configuring PHP.

Edit the PHP configuration file to optimize it for PrestaShop. Open the PHP-FPM configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.x/fpm/php.ini

Find and modify the following lines:

memory_limit = 256M
max_execution_time = 300
upload_max_filesize = 16M
post_max_size = 16M

Save and exit the editor, then restart PHP-FPM for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart php7.x-fpm

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB.

Create a database and a user for PrestaShop:

sudo mysql -u root -p

Inside the MariaDB shell, run the following commands, replacing yourdb, youruser, and your_strong_password with your preferred database name, user, and password:

CREATE USER 'youruser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_strong_password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON yourdb.* TO 'youruser'@'localhost';

Step 5. Installing PrestaShop on Debian 12.

First, create a directory for PrestaShop within your web root directory. We’ll use /var/www/html:

sudo mkdir /var/www/html/prestashop

Clone the PrestaShop repository from GitHub to your designated directory:

sudo git clone .

To ensure you’re using the latest stable release, update the repository:

sudo git checkout develop
sudo git pull

Step 6. Configuring Nginx.

Create a new Nginx server block configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/prestashop

Paste the following configuration:

server {
    listen 80;
    root /var/www/html/prestashop;
    index index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.x-fpm.sock;

    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;

Save and exit the file, then enable the configuration and restart Nginx:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/prestashop /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo nginx -t
sudo systemctl restart nginx

Ensure that the web server user (www-data) has appropriate permissions:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/prestashop
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/prestashop

Step 7. Configure SSL.

To configure SSL for secure connections in PrestaShop on Debian 12 using Certbot and Nginx, follow these steps:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-nginx

Now, use Certbot to obtain and install an SSL certificate for your PrestaShop store:

sudo certbot --nginx

Certbot will prompt you to select the domain for which you want to obtain a certificate. Choose your PrestaShop domain and follow the prompts to complete the certificate installation.

Certbot provides automatic renewal of SSL certificates, ensuring that your PrestaShop store remains secure. The renewal process is typically handled by a systemd timer, which runs twice a day. You can manually test the certificate renewal process by running:

sudo certbot renew --dry-run

Step 8. Configure Firewall.

Configure a firewall to protect your PrestaShop server. UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) is a user-friendly tool for this purpose:

sudo apt install ufw
sudo ufw allow OpenSSH
sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'
sudo ufw enable

Step 9. Accessing PrestaShop Web UI.

To access the PrestaShop admin panel, go to your back office URL (e.g., https://your-domain_or_your-IP-address). Log in using the admin credentials you created during the installation:

Install PrestaShop on Debian 12 Bookworm

Congratulations! You have successfully installed PrestaShop. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the latest version of the PrestaShop e-commerce platform on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official PrestaShop website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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