In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Python on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server. For those of you who didn’t know, Python is an open-source and beginner-friendly programming language. Ubuntu 16.04 and Ubuntu 18.04 come with two versions of Python, Python 2.7, and Python 3.5. At the time of this writing, the latest stable version of Python is 3.6, released on December 23rd, 2016. If you need to use python3 as part of Python application dependency, there are several ways to install python3 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Python on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Python on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing Python on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
Method 1. Installing Python 3.7 on Ubuntu 18.04 from Repository
Use the following command to install Python 3:
sudo apt update sudo apt-get install python3.7
Then check the Python version:
Method 2. Compile and Install Python 3.7 on Ubuntu 18.04
First, we need to install some build dependencies using the commands below:
sudo apt install build-essential checkinstall sudo apt install libreadline-gplv2-dev libncursesw5-dev libssl-dev libsqlite3-dev tk-dev libgdbm-dev libc6-dev libbz2-dev
Then, download Python 3.6 from the source:
wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.0/Python-3.7.0.tar.xz tar xvf Python-3.7.0.tar.xz
Now cd into the source directory, configure the built environment, and install:
cd Python-3.7.0/ ./configure sudo make altinstall
Once the process is complete, we can check the version of Python 3 that is installed in the system by typing:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Python. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Python on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Python website.