In this tutorial, we will show you how to install R on Debian 10. For those of you who didn’t know, R is an open-source programming language and software environment that comes with GUI (Graphical User Interface). R language specialized in statistical computing and graphics so it is widely used in statistical software development and data analysis.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of R on a Debian 10 (Buster) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 10 (Buster).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install R on Debian 10 Buster
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
apt update apt upgrade
Step 2. Installing R on Debian 10.
Now we add the GPG key by using the following command:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 'E19F5F87128899B192B1A2C2AD5F960A256A04AF'
Next, add the repository by running the below command:
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/debian stretch-cran35/'
Then, run the following command to install R in Debian:
sudo apt update sudo apt install r-base
Verify the installation by printing the R version:
$ R --version R version 3.6.4 (2020-03-16) -- "Holding the Windsock" Copyright (C) 2020 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
Step 3. Installing R Packages from CRAN.
First, install the required tools for compiling R packages:
sudo apt install build-essential
Next, open the R console as root:
sudo -i R
Example install the stringr package:
The installation will take some time and once completed, load the library by typing:
You can find more R packages on the CRAN Packages page, and install them with
Congratulations! You have successfully installed R. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing R open source programming language on Debian 10 (Buster) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official R website.