How To Install R on Debian 10 Buster

Install R on Debian 10

In this tutorial we will show you how to install R on Debian 10. For those of you who didn’t know, R is a opensource programming language and software environment which comes with GUI (Graphical User Interface). R language specialized in statistical computing and graphics so it is widely used in statistical software development and data analysis.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation R on a Debian 10 (Buster) server.

Install R on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt commands in the terminal:

apt update
apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing R on Debian 10.

Now we add GPG key by using the following command:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-key 'E19F5F87128899B192B1A2C2AD5F960A256A04AF'

Next, add the repository by running the below command:

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb stretch-cran35/'

Then, run the following command to install R in Debian:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install r-base

Verify the installation by printing the R version:

$ R --version

R version 3.6.4 (2020-03-16) -- "Holding the Windsock"
Copyright (C) 2020 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)

Step 3. Installing R Packages from CRAN.

First, install required tools for compiling R packages:

sudo apt install build-essential

Next, open the R console as root:

sudo -i R

Example install the stringr package:


The installation will take some time and once completed, load the library by typing:


You can find more R packages at the CRAN Packages page, and install them with install.packages().

Congratulation’s! You have successfully installed R. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing R open source programming language on Debian 10 (Buster) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official R website.

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