How To Install RabbitMQ on Debian 10

Install RabbitMQ on Debian 10

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install RabbitMQ on Debian 10. For those of you who didn’t know, RabbitMQ is open source message broker software (sometimes called message-oriented middleware) that implements the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). The RabbitMQ server is written in the Erlang programming language and is built on the Open Telecom Platform framework for clustering and failover. Client libraries to interface with the broker are available for all major programming languages.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of RabbitMQ on a Debian 10 (Buster).

Install RabbitMQ on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Erlang.

RabbitMQ requires Erlang to be installed on the system. Run the following command to install Erlang:

wget https://packages.erlang-solutions.com/erlang/debian/pool/esl-erlang_23.1.5-1~debian~stretch_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i esl-erlang_23.1.5-1~debian~stretch_amd64.deb

Next, update your system package list and install Erlang:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install erlang erlang-nox

Step 3. Installing RabbitMQ on Debian 10.

Now we add RabbitMQ apt repository on your system. Also, you need to import the RabbitMQ signing key on your system:

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://www.rabbitmq.com/debian/ testing main'
wget -O- https://www.rabbitmq.com/rabbitmq-release-signing-key.asc | sudo apt-key add -

Once done, update apt-cache and install RabbitMQ server on your system:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install rabbitmq-server

After successfully installed, Use the following commands to enable the RabbitMQ service on your system. Also, start the RabbitMQ service:

sudo systemctl enable rabbitmq-server
sudo systemctl start rabbitmq-server

Step 4. Create User on RabbitMQ.

Now we create your own administrator account on the RabbitMQ server using the following commands. Change password with your own password:

sudo rabbitmqctl add_user admin password 
sudo rabbitmqctl set_user_tags admin administrator
sudo rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p / admin ".*" ".*" ".*"

Step 5. Configure the RabbitMQ Management Dashboard.

You can optionally enable the RabbitMQ Management Web dashboard for easy management:

sudo rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

Step 6. Accessing RabbitMQ Web Interface.

RabbitMQ will be available on HTTP port 15672 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com:15672 or http://server-ip-address:15672. Use the username and password created in step 4 and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Install RabbitMQ on Debian 10

Congratulations! You have successfully installed RabbitMQ. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of RabbitMQ on Debian 10 Buster. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official RabbitMQ website.

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