How To Install Redis on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Install Redis on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

In this tutorial we will show you how to install  Redis on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Redis is an open-source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets. Redis also supports datatypes such as Transitions, Publish and Subscribe. ‘Redis ’ is considered more powerful than ‘Memcache’ . It would be smart to bring ‘Redis’ into practice and put ‘Memcache’ down for a while.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Redis on a Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) server.

Install Redis on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Installing Redis on Ubuntu 16.04.

Installing Redis on an Ubuntu is simple. Run the command below to install Redis on your machine:

apt-get install redis-server

Redis provide PHP extension to work with PHP. Here we will cover installation of Redis Extension of PHP from source compilation and using apt repository. Following command will install and setup Redis extension with PHP:

apt-get install php-redis

Step 3. Configure Redis Cache on Ubuntu 16.04.

To configure Redis as a cache you need to edit the /etc/redis/redis.conf file:

nano /etc/redis/redis.conf

To configure the max memory for Redis as well as how Redis will select what to remove when the max memory is reached, add the following lines at the end of the file:

maxmemory 128mb
maxmemory-policy allkeys-lru

Save and close the file, then restart the Redis service:

systemctl restart redis-server.service
systemctl enable redis-server.service

Step 4. Starting and Testing the Redis.

We will start and check the status of the Redis with the below commands:

$ systemctl start redis-server.service
$ systemctl status redis-server.service
redis.service - Redis In-Memory Data Store
Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/redis.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Thu 2016-10-20 15:07:10 IST; 17s ago
Main PID: 7207 (redis-server)
Tasks: 3
Memory: 6.2M
CPU: 22ms
CGroup: /system.slice/redis.service
└─7207 /usr/local/bin/redis-server 127.0.0.1:6379
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]:  |    `-._`-._        _.-'_.-'    |
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]:   `-._    `-._`-.__.-'_.-'    _.-'
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]:       `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]:           `-._        _.-'
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]:               `-.__.-'
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]: 7207:M 20 Dec 16:07:10.853 # WARNING: The T
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]: 7207:M 20 Dec 16:07:10.853 # Server started
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]: 7207:M 20 Dec 16:07:10.853 # WARNING overco
Oct 20 15:07:10 ubuntu-16 redis-server[7207]: 7207:M 20 Dec 16:07:10.853 # WARNING you have.
...
...

We will now test the Redis instance with some commands:

$ redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> ping
PONG
127.0.0.1:6379> set test "Redis Working!"
OK
127.0.0.1:6379> get test
"Redis Working!"
127.0.0.1:6379> exit

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Redis. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Redis on your Ubuntu 16.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Redis website.

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