How To Install Ruby on Rails on Debian 11

Install Ruby on Rails on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Ruby on Rails on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Ruby on Rails is a free, open-source, and one of the most popular application stacks used for creating sites and web apps. It is written in Ruby programming language and follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) concept.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the GIMP open-source image editor on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 11 (Bullseye).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Ruby on Rails on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install gnupg2 curl wget gcc g++ make

Step 2. Installing RVM.

By default, RVM is not available from the default Ubuntu base repository. Now run the following command below to add the RVM repository and import the GPG key:

gpg2 --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3 7D2BAF1CF37B13E2069D6956105BD0E739499BDB
curl -sSL | gpg2 --import -

After that, download and run the RVM installation script:

curl -sSL | bash -s stable --ruby

Next, load the RVM system path using the following command:

source /usr/local/rvm/scripts/rvm

Verify the RVM installation version:

rvm version

Step 3. Installing Ruby using RVM.

Ruby package is available in the default Debian repositories. First, we update RVM to the latest version by issuing a command:

rvm get stable --autolibs=enable

Next, add the root user to the RVM group so that the root user can run the RVM command.:

usermod -a -G rvm root

Then, install the latest version of Ruby using the following command below:

rvm install ruby-3.0.2
rvm --default use ruby-3.0.2

You can confirm installation by issuing the below command:

ruby --version

Step 4. Installing Nodejs and Yarn.

By default, Nodejs is not available on the Debian 11 base repository. Now we add the Node source repository using the following command:

curl -sL | bash -

Next, run the following command to add the Yarn repository:

curl -sL | apt-key add -
echo "deb stable main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list

After that, update the apt repository and install Nodejs and Yarn packages using the following command below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nodejs yarn

Verify the Nodejs version:

node --version

Verify the Yarn version:

yarn --version

Step 5. Installing Ruby on Rails on Debian 11.

First, run the following command to update the RubyGem to the latest version:

gem update --system

Next, we install the latest version of Ruby on Rails using the RubyGem command below:

gem install rails -v 6.1.4

Verify the installed version of Rails using the following command:

rails -v

Step 6. Create a Test Application.

Now we create a new project using Rails:

rails new project
cd project

After that, start the puma rails web server using the command below:

rails s -b -p 8080


=> Booting Puma
=> Rails application starting in development 
=> Run `bin/rails server --help` for more startup options
Puma starting in single mode...
* Puma version: 5.5.2 (ruby 3.0.2-p107) ("Zawgyi")
*  Min threads: 5
*  Max threads: 5
*  Environment: development
*          PID: 46462
* Listening on
Use Ctrl-C to stop

Once successfully create a new project, now access it using the URL http://your-server-ip-address:8080. You should see the Rails default page:

Install Ruby on Rails on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Ruby on Rails. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Ruby on Rails on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Ruby on Rails website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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