How To Install Seafile on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Install Seafile on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Seafile on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Seafile is an open-source cloud storage software. It offers file sharing and syncing for individual users and groups, it provides client-side encryption and easy access from mobile devices. Also easily integrated with local services such as LDAP and WebDAV or can be deployed using advanced network services and databases like MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, Memcached, Nginx, or Apache Web Server.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Seafile open-source secure cloud storage on a Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) server.

Install Seafile on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 2. Install LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MariaDB, PHP) server.

A Ubuntu 16.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LEMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:

apt-get install php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-mbstring php7.0-mysql libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-zip

Installing Python modules:

apt-get install python2.7 libpython2.7 python-setuptools python-imaging python-ldap python-mysqldb python-memcache python-urllib3

Step 3. Configure the MariaDB database for Seafile.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Seafile. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Seafile installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database ccnet_db character set = 'utf8'; MariaDB [(none)]> create database seafile_db character set = 'utf8'; MariaDB [(none)]> create database seahub_db character set = 'utf8';
MariaDB [(none)]> create user [email protected] identified by 'password';
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on ccnet_db.* to [email protected] identified by 'password'; MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on seafile_db.* to [email protected] identified by 'password'; MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on seahub_db.* to [email protected] identified by 'password';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Step 4. Installing Seafile on Server.

You need to download the last stable release of Seafile:

wget https://bintray.com/artifact/download/seafile-org/seafile/seafile-server_6.0.6_x86-64.tar.gz

Extract the tarball into the current directory:

tar -xvzf seafile-server_6.0.6_x86-64.tar.gz
mv seafile-server_6.0.6 seafile-server

Install Seafile:

Run this script which will create the required databases and directories for the Seafile server and answer all questions using the following configuration options, after the script verifies the existence of all Python required modules:

./setup-seafile-mysql.sh

After the Seafile server successfully installs, it will generate some useful information such as what ports need to be open on your Firewall to allow external connection and what scripts to handle in order to start the server.

Step 5. Starting the Seafile services.

Create a startup script for the Seafile server like this:

nano /lib/systemd/system/seafile.service

Add the following lines:

[Unit]
Description=Seafile Server
After=network.target mariadb.service[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/home/seafile/seafile-server/seafile.sh start
ExecStop=/home/seafile/seafile-server/seafile.sh stop
RemainAfterExit=yes
User=seafile
Group=seafile[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Save the file and create a new service file for seahub:

[Unit]
Description=Seafile Hub
After=network.target seafile.target[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/home/seafile/seafile-server/seahub.sh start-fastcgi
ExecStop=/home/seafile/seafile-server/seahub.sh stop
RemainAfterExit=yes
User=seafile
Group=seafile[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Now try using the service and command to start a new Seafile server instance:

systemctl daemon-reload 
systemctl start seafile
systemctl start seahub

Step 6. Configuring Nginx web server for Seafile.

*Note: A static IP address 192.168.77.21 configure on your server.

First, create a new virtual host file with a name seafile.conf:

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/seafile.conf

Add the following lines:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name 192.168.77.21;proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;# Reverse proxy for seafile
    location / {
        fastcgi_pass    127.0.0.1:8000;
        fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME     $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param   PATH_INFO           $fastcgi_script_name;fastcgi_param    SERVER_PROTOCOL        $server_protocol;
        fastcgi_param   QUERY_STRING        $query_string;
        fastcgi_param   REQUEST_METHOD      $request_method;
        fastcgi_param   CONTENT_TYPE        $content_type;
        fastcgi_param   CONTENT_LENGTH      $content_length;
        fastcgi_param   SERVER_ADDR         $server_addr;
        fastcgi_param   SERVER_PORT         $server_port;
        fastcgi_param   SERVER_NAME         $server_name;
        fastcgi_param   REMOTE_ADDR         $remote_addr;access_log      /var/log/nginx/seahub.access.log;
        error_log       /var/log/nginx/seahub.error.log;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 36000;
    }# Reverse Proxy for seahub
    location /seafhttp {
        rewrite ^/seafhttp(.*)$ $1 break;
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8082;
        client_max_body_size 0;
        proxy_connect_timeout  36000s;
        proxy_read_timeout  36000s;
        proxy_send_timeout  36000s;
        send_timeout  36000s;
    }#CHANGE THIS PATH WITH YOUR OWN DIRECTORY
    location /media {
        root /home/seafile/seafile-server/seahub;
    }
}

Save the file and restart Nginx:

systemctl restart nginx

Step 7. Accessing Seafile.

Seafile cloud storage will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://192.168.77.21. Enter the admin email id and password to log in which you have created at the time of installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 8000 to enable access to the control panel.

Install Seafile on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Seafile. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Seafile open-source secure cloud storage on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS  (Xenial Xerus) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Seafile website.

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