In this tutorial, we will show you how to install SELinux on Rocky Linux 9. Are you worried about the security of your system resources? Do you want to add an extra layer of protection to your system? Look no further than SELinux! SELinux is a robust security feature that provides a mandatory access control mechanism, allowing you to have greater control over who can access your system resources. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to easily install and configure SELinux on your Rocky Linux 9 system, giving you the peace of mind you need to keep your system secure. Let’s dive in!
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the SELinux on Rocky Linux. 9.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Rocky Linux 9.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
- An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for SELinux.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install SELinux on Rocky Linux 9
Step 1. First, update the system packages by running the following command:
sudo dnf update
Step 2. Installing the SELinux on Rocky Linux 9.
SELinux is installed by default on Rocky Linux 9, but it may not be enabled. You can check the status of SELinux by running the following command in the terminal:
If SELinux is disabled, you can enable it by installing the necessary packages and configuring the system. To install SELinux, run the following command:
sudo dnf install selinux-policy-targeted selinux-policy-devel
After the installation is complete, reboot your system to apply the changes:
Step 3. Configuring SELinux.
SELinux is configured using policy files, which define the security policies enforced by the system. By default, SELinux is set to enforcing mode, which means that it enforces the policies defined in the policy file.
To check the current SELinux mode, run the following command:
SELinux status: enabled SELinuxfs mount: /sys/fs/selinux SELinux root directory: /etc/selinux Loaded policy name: targeted Current mode: enforcing Mode from config file: enforcing Policy MLS status: enabled Policy deny_unknown status: allowed Max kernel policy version: 34
To change the SELinux mode, edit the
/etc/selinux/config file and change the SELinux value to either enforcing, permissive, or disabled:
sudo sed -i 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=permissive/g' /etc/selinux/config
Then, reboot your system to apply the changes:
Step 4. SELinux Troubleshooting.
If you encounter issues with SELinux, you can troubleshoot them by examining the audit logs. The logs are located in the
To view the logs in real-time, run the following command:
tail -f /var/log/audit/audit.log
You can also install the setroubleshoot package, which provides a GUI tool for troubleshooting SELinux issues:
sudo dnf install setroubleshoot
Congratulations! You have successfully installed SELinux. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing SELinux on your Rocky Linux 9 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official SELinux website.