How To Install Tmux Terminal Multiplexer on Linux

Install Tmux Terminal Multiplexer on Linux

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Tmux Terminal Multiplexer on Linux. For those of you who didn’t know, Tmux is a terminal multiplexer that lets you switch easily between several programs in one terminal, detach them (they keep running in the background), and reattach them to a different terminal. Tmux provides a number of advanced features, such as the ability to split the terminal into multiple panes, the ability to create and manage multiple windows, and the ability to synchronize input and output between different panes and windows. Additionally, Tmux provides a number of ways to customize its behavior and appearance, such as through the use of configuration files and environment variables.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Tmux Terminal Multiplexer on Linux.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu Debian-based, or CentOS RHEL-based.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Tmux Terminal Multiplexer on Linux

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Tmux on Linux.

Installation is pretty straightforward if you have Ubuntu, Arch,  OpenSUSE, or CentOS distribution you can install Tmux using the following command below:

### Debian / Ubuntu-based ###
sudo apt install tmux

### Arch Linux based ###
sudo pacman -S tmux

### OpenSUSE based ###
sudo zypper install tmux

### macOS based ###
brew install tmux

### RedHat / CentOS-based ###
sudo dnf install tmux

After the installation is finished, then type Tmux on your console to run Tmux:


Step 3. Using Tmux.

Here’s a table summarizing the basic commands for using Tmux on Linux:

Command Description
tmux Start a new Tmux session
tmux attach Reattach to a detached Tmux session
tmux new-session Start a new Tmux session in a detached state
tmux list-sessions List all Tmux sessions
tmux switch-session Switch to a different Tmux session
tmux kill-session Kill a Tmux session

And here’s an example of using Tmux on Linux:

  1. Start a new Tmux session: tmux
  2. Create a new window: Ctrl + b followed by c
  3. Split the current window into two panes vertically: Ctrl + b followed by %
  4. Split the current window into two panes horizontally: Ctrl + b followed by "
  5. Navigate between windows: Ctrl + b followed by n (next) or p (Previous)
  6. Navigate between panes: Ctrl + b followed by Up arrow (up) or Down arrow (down) or Left arrow (left) or Right arrow (right)
  7. Detach from the Tmux session: Ctrl + b followed by d

Note: The above example uses the default Tmux key bindings. If you’ve changed your key bindings, the commands may be different.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Tmux. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Tmux terminal multiplexer tool on the Linux server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Tmux website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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