In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Vagrant on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, a Vagrant is an open-source tool for building an entire virtual development environment. Frequently, a test environment is needed for analyzing the latest release and new tools. Also, it reduces the time spent on re-building that your OS. By default, vagrant uses VirtualBox for managing the Virtualization. Vagrant acts as the fundamental configuration for managing/deploying multiple reproducible virtual environments with the same configuration.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Vagrant virtual development environment on an Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver server.
Install Vagrant on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing VirtualBox.
Install Virtualbox from the terminal using the following command:
apt install virtualbox
Step 3. Installing Vagrant on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
Install Vagrant from the terminal using the following command:
apt install vagrant
To verify that the installation was successful run the following command which will print the Vagrant version:
Step 4. Deploy your development environment.
Vagrant can quickly deploy the development environment. The following command will install precise32 box from the vagrant website. A box is nothing more than a specially packaged image that can later be used to provision a server:
vagrant box add precise32 http://files.vagrantup.com/precise32.box
Create a root directory for your Project. Then create a vagrant file in this folder by calling ‘vagrant init’, which will be the central file for the project configuration:
mkdir vagrant_project_idroot cd vagrant_project_idroot vagrant init
Edit the Vagrantfile in this directory and replace:
config.vm.box = "precise32"
vagrant up Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider... [default] Importing base box 'precise32'... [default] Matching MAC address for NAT networking... [default] Setting the name of the VM... [default] Clearing any previously set forwarded ports... [default] Clearing any previously set network interfaces... [default] Preparing network interfaces based on configuration... [default] Forwarding ports...
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Vagrant. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Vagrant virtual development environment on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Vagrant website.