In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Varnish on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Varnish Cache is a powerful open-source HTTP accelerator that can be installed in front of any Webserver such as Apache or Nginx. Varnish Cache can improve the overall performance of your web server by caching contents. The Varnish cache stores the copy of user request’s and serves the same page when the user revisits the webpage. It makes your website really fast and accelerates your web site performance up-to 300 – 1000x (means 80% or more).
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Varnish Cache on a Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Varnish Cache on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Install the Apache webserver.
For this part, we will be assuming that you have already installed Apache on your server and have it running properly. If not write this command in your terminal:
Step 3. Installing Varnish on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
Install Varnish using apt-get command:
After the installation is finished, start and enable varnish.service using the systemctl command:
Step 4. Configuring Varnish Cache on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver.
The varnish is automatically configured to serve content over port 80 and fetch contents from Apache on port 8080, we need to update Apache to serve content over port 8080:
# If you just change the port or add more ports here, you will likely also
# have to change the VirtualHost statement in
If you have any virtual hosts configured, you will need to update these as well – ensure your configuration looks like this:
We need to configure varnish to run on port 80. First, create a file called varnish.service inside the /etc/systemd/system directory:
### nano /etc/systemd/system/varnish.service
Then, add the following configuration:
Once you save and exit out of that file, open up the default.vcl file:
### nano /etc/varnish/default.vcl
Restart the Apache and Varnish service for the changes to take effect:
You can check to see if varnish is working by typing the following command:
Step 5. Testing Varnish.
The test consists in making an HTTP request via curl and verifying that it is handled by Varnish:
[email@example.com~]# curl -I 192.168.146.161
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Varnish. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Varnish Cache on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Varnish website.