How To Install VirtualBox on Debian 11

Install VirtualBox on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install VirtualBox on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, VirtualBox is an open-source x86 emulator/virtualization developed by Oracle. VirtualBox allows us to install and run multiple virtual machines of different distributions at the same time. VirtualBox supports guest operating systems such as Windows, Debian, Oracle Linux, Ubuntu, and more.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the process of installing VirtualBox on Debian 11, ensuring a smooth and hassle-free experience. Whether you’re a seasoned Linux user or a newcomer to the world of virtualization, this article will provide you with the necessary knowledge and step-by-step instructions to get VirtualBox up and running on your Debian 11 system.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 11 (Bullseye).
  • At least 4GB of RAM is recommended, but more is better for running multiple virtual machines simultaneously.
  • Allocate sufficient disk space for your virtual machines, depending on your intended usage.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • Network connectivity for downloading the necessary packages.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install VirtualBox on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install gnupg2
sudo apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r) dkms

Step 2. Installing VirtualBox on Debian 11.

Before installing VirtualBox, you’ll need to add the official VirtualBox repository to your Debian 11 system. This repository contains the latest versions of VirtualBox and ensures that you receive future updates and security patches:

wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -
wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -

Next, import repository GPG key:

echo "deb [arch=amd64] bullseye contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list

After that, update the Debian repository index and install it:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install virtualbox-6.1

Verify the installation by running the following command:

virtualbox --help

Optionally install the VirtualBox extension pack with:


Next, run the following command below to install the extension pack:

sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.26.vbox-extpack

Step 3. Accessing VirtualBox on Debian.

Once successfully installed, launch the VirtualBox by going to Activities -> Search or open a terminal window and run the following command to open it:


Install VirtualBox on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed VirtualBox. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the VirtualBox on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official VirtualBox website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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