In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Zabbix on your CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Zabbix is an open-source monitoring tool that is ideal for monitoring your cloud servers. Zabbix is very flexible, information can be retrieved using HTTP/SNMP or by installing a Zabbix agent on the machines to monitor, and allows a lot of customization.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Zabbix on a CentOS 7 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 7.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Zabbix on CentOS 7
Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install the LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install the required PHP modules:
yum install php-mysql php-gd php-ldap php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt curl zlib
Step 3. Installing Zabbix.
Besides the Zabbix repository, you will also need the EPEL repository for some dependencies. If you haven’t done so, add that repo too:
yum install epel-release rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm
After adding Zabbix yum repository to your system, Now update package lists and install Zabbix using commands:
yum -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-agent zabbix-web-mysql
Step 4. Configure MariaDB Database for Zabbix.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Zabbix. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for the Zabbix software:
MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbix_db; MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on zabbix_db.* to zabbix_user@localhost identified by <new_password>; MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; MariaDB [(none)]> exit
Now that the database and user are ready, it’s time to create the database schema for Zabbix in the DB which we just added:
cd /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-3.0.1 gunzip create.sql.gz mysql -u root -p zabbix_db < create.sql
Next, edit the Zabbix server configuration file:
nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf ................................... DBHost=localhost DBName=zabbix_db DBUser=zabbix_user DBPassword=XXXXXXX ...................................
Step 5. Configure Apache webserver.
Created a file for Apache in
Edit this file to look similar to this:
Alias /zabbix /usr/share/zabbix <Directory "/usr/share/zabbix"> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Require all granted </Directory> <Directory "/usr/share/zabbix/conf"> Require all denied </Directory> <Directory "/usr/share/zabbix/include"> Require all denied </Directory>
Edit timezone in
/etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix to read this, or your own time zone:
php_value date.timezone Europe/London
We should adjust
php.ini file as per Zabbix recommended settings:
### nano /etc/php.ini max_execution_time = 600 max_input_time = 600 memory_limit = 256M post_max_size = 32M upload_max_filesize = 16M date.timezone = Europe/London
Save and close the file. Start/Restart Zabbix and httpd services and make them start automatically on every reboot:
systemctl start zabbix-server systemctl start zabbix-agent systemctl restart httpd systemctl restart mariadb systemctl enable zabbix-server systemctl enable zabbix-agent
Finally, adjust Firewall and SELinux settings:
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10050/tcp firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10051/tcp firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp firewall-cmd --reload systemctl restart firewalld setsebool -P httpd_can_connect_zabbix=1
Step 6. Accessing Zabbix.
Zabbix will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://server-ip/zabbix and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Zabbix. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Zabbix Monitoring Tool on your CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Zabbix website.