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How To Install Zabbix on Debian 12

Install Zabbix on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Zabbix on Debian 12. Monitoring and managing IT infrastructure is crucial for businesses and organizations to ensure seamless operations and optimal performance. Zabbix, an open-source monitoring solution, offers a powerful platform to monitor various components of your infrastructure.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Zabbix on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Zabbix.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Zabbix on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install build-essential libjpeg-dev libpng-dev libtiff-dev

This command will refresh the repository, allowing you to install the latest versions of software packages.

Step 2. Installing Zabbix on Debian 12.

To access the latest Zabbix packages, we need to add the official repository. Run these commands:

sudo dpkg -i zabbix-release_6.5-1+debian12_all.deb
sudo apt update

Now it’s time to install the Zabbix server on your Debian 12 system:

sudo apt install zabbix-server-pgsql zabbix-frontend-php zabbix-apache-conf zabbix-agent

Step 3. Configuring Zabbix Server.

Next, let’s configure the Zabbix server to ensure smooth operation. Create a PostgreSQL database and user for Zabbix:

sudo su - postgres
createuser --pwprompt zabbix
createdb -O zabbix zabbix

Edit the Zabbix PHP configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/apache.conf

Uncomment and modify the following lines:

php_value date.timezone America/New_York

Save the file and exit the editor.

Next, Edit the PHP configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/php-fpm.conf

Change the following values:

php_value[date.timezone] = America/New_York

Step 4. Installing Zabbix Agent.

The Zabbix agent is responsible for collecting data from the monitored host and sending it to the Zabbix server. Let’s proceed with the installation and configuration.

sudo apt install zabbix-agent

Now, let’s configure the Zabbix agent to communicate with the server:

  • Zabbix Server Connection
sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

Set the Zabbix server IP or hostname:


Save the file and exit the editor.

  • Host Configuration

On the Zabbix server, add the monitored host by following these steps:

  • Log in to the Zabbix web interface (http://your-server-ip/zabbix).
  • Navigate to “Configuration” > “Hosts” > “Create host.”
  • Enter the necessary details, such as hostname, IP address, and select the group.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Zabbix. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Zabbix on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Zabbix website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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