How To Install Zabbix on Debian 9 Stretch

Install Zabbix on Debian 9 Stretch

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install a Zabbix on Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Zabbix is an open-source monitoring tool that is ideal for monitoring your cloud servers. Zabbix is very flexible, information can be retrieved using HTTP/SNMP or by installing a Zabbix agent on the machines to monitor, and allows a lot of customization.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Zabbix on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.

Install Zabbix on Debian Stretch

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:

Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB and PHP)  server.

A Debian 9 LAMP server is required. If you do not have a LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 9.

Step 3. Installing Zabbix on Debian 9.

By default, the Zabbix server is available in the official Debian 9 repository, but may be outdated. We recommend installing the latest version of the official Zabbix repositories which we can download and add the newest version of the Zabbix repository with the following command:

Next, we will install the downloaded repository by executing the following:

Step 4. Zabbix Configuration.

Zabbix creates its configuration file in the /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf path, we must edit this file and update the Time Zone and PHP configuration, as the case may be:

Adjust the following values and make a note of the password you’ve chosen. You’ll need it later too.

Step 5. Configure MariaDB Database for Zabbix.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set the root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL.

Configure it like this:

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Zabbix. Run the following command:

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server, you need to create a database for the Zabbix software:

After creating the Zabbix database and user we need to import the Zabbix initial database using the below commands:

Step 6. Configure Apache web server for Zabbix.

First, we’ll move the Zabbix apache file from the package directory:

We should adjust PHP timezone as per Zabbix recommended settings:

Restart the Apache and the Zabbix service for the changes to take effect:

Step 7. Accessing Zabbix.

will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to or http://server-ip/zabbix and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Install Zabbix on Debian 9 Stretch

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Zabbix. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Zabbix in Debian 9 Stretch systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Zabbix website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!