In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Zen Cart on your Ubuntu 15.04 server. For those of you who didn’t know, ZenCart is an Open Source e-commerce application. It is written in PHP and requires a MySQL database. Zen cart provides easy customizations of your online store. ZenCart has a built-in system for receiving online payments, setting tax and discount rates, etc. If you have a need for e-commerce make sure you check out Zen Cart first.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Zen Cart E-Commerce on a Ubuntu 15.04 server.
Install Zen Cart on Ubuntu 15.04
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 15.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:
sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt php5-mysql php5-gd
Step 3. Installing Zen Cart.
The first thing to do is to go to Zen Cart’s download page and download the latest stable version of Zen Cart, At the moment of writing this article it is version 1.5.5:
Unpack the Zen Cart archive to the document root directory on your server:
mkdir -p /var/www/html/zen-cart/ unzip zen-cart-v1.5.5-03292016.zip mv zen-cart-v1.5.5-03292016.zip /var/www/html/zen-cart/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data: /var/www/html/zen-cart/
Set the permissions for these files and directories to 777 using the following commands:
cd /var/www/html/zen-cart/ mv admin/includes/dist-configure.php admin/includes/configure.php mv includes/dist-configure.php includes/configure.php chmod 777 admin/includes/configure.php chmod 777 includes/configure.php chmod 777 cache chmod 777 includes/languages/english/html_includes chmod 777 logs chmod 777 media chmod 777 pub chmod 777 images/ chmod 777 admin/backups chmod 777 admin/images/graphs
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Zen Cart.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Zen Cart. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Zen Cart installation:
CREATE DATABASE zencart; CREATE USER 'zencartuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password-here'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON zencart.* TO 'zencartuser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Zen Cart.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘zencart.conf’ on your virtual server:
sudo a2enmod rewrite touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/zencart.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/zencart.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/zencart.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/zencart.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/zen-cart/ ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/zen-cart/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Now, we can restart Apache web server so that the changes take place:
systemctl restart apache2.service
Step 6. Accessing the Zen Cart.
Zen Cart will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/zc_install or http://server-ip/zc_install and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
For security reasons, delete the ‘/zc_install’ directory and reset permissions of your ‘/admin/includes/configure.php’ and ‘/includes/configure.php’ files to read-only mode. Also, rename the ‘/admin’ directory to a name less likely to be ‘guessed’ by someone probing your site for illegitimate access.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Zen Cart. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Zen Cart E-Commerce on your Ubuntu 15.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Zen Cart E-Commerce web site.