Hey there, Linux users! Whether you’re a new user trying to get the hang of things, or a seasoned system administrator looking to manage users on your Linux server, you’ve come to the right place.
One of the most fundamental tasks you’ll need to know is how to list users on a Linux system. Whether you’re checking the user accounts on your own personal machine or monitoring the user accounts on a server, Linux provides a variety of built-in commands that make it quick and easy to get the job done.
Now, some of you might be thinking, “But why do I need to know this? Isn’t it just a simple task?” Well, yes and no. While listing users may seem like a basic task, it’s actually an essential part of managing your system’s security and resources. By knowing which users are on your system, you can ensure that only authorized users are accessing your resources and taking up valuable space on your machine.
So, let’s dive into some of the commands you can use to list users on your Linux system. From the classic “
who” command to the more modern “
getent” command, we’ll cover them all and help you become a Linux user-listing pro in no time.
Whether you’re a Linux newbie or a seasoned pro, understanding how to list users is a crucial part of your system management toolkit. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get started!
Understanding Users in Linux
Before we dive into listing users on Linux, it is important to understand how users are managed on Linux. Each user on Linux has a unique user ID (UID) which is used to identify the user. The first user created during the installation process is the superuser or root user, which has UID 0. All other users are assigned a UID greater than 0.
Listing All Users on Linux
To list all users on Linux, you can use the cat command to view the contents of the
/etc/passwd file. This file contains information about all the users on the system. Open a terminal and type the following command:
The output will display information about each user on the system, including their username, UID, home directory, and default shell.
Listing Logged-In Users on Linux
To list the currently logged-in users on Linux, you can use the who command. This command displays a list of all users who are currently logged in to the system. Open a terminal and type the following command:
The output will display information about each logged-in user, including their username, terminal, and login time.
Listing Users by Group on Linux
To list all the users that belong to a specific group on Linux, you can use the
getent command. This command retrieves information about users and groups from the system’s databases. Open a terminal and type the following command:
getent group [groupname]
[groupname] with the name of the group, you want to list. The output will display a list of all the users that belong to the group.
Sorting Users in Linux
To sort the list of users on Linux alphabetically, you can use the sort command. Open a terminal and type the following command:
cat /etc/passwd | sort
The output will display a sorted list of all the users on the system.
Filtering Users in Linux
To filter the list of users on Linux, you can use the grep command. Open a terminal and type the following command:
cat /etc/passwd | grep [username]
[username] with the username, you want to search for. The output will display information about the user with the matching username.
Managing users on Linux is an important task for server administrators. In this article, we discussed how to list users on Linux. We covered various methods for listing all users, listing logged-in users, listing users by group, sorting users, and filtering users. With these commands, you can easily manage users on your Linux system.