In this tutorial, we will show you how to use the mkdir command on Linux. For those of you who didn’t know,
mkdir the command stands for make directory allows the user to create an empty directory on Linux operating system. This command can also create multiple folders at once as well as set permissions for folders. It is important to note that the user executing this command must have enough permissions to create a directory in the parent directory, or he/she may receive a ‘permission denied error.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the use of
mkdir (Make Directory Command) on Linux. You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu or any other Debian-based or RHEL-based distribution.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Mkdir Command on Linux
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Linux mkdir Command Syntax.
The syntax for the
mkdir a command is as follows:
mkdir [OPTION] [DIRECTORY]
For example, create directories using
For example, creates a directory structure with the missing parent directories (if any) using
mkdir -p /home/idroot/film/genre/
For example, create multiple directories using
mkdir dir1 dir2 dir3 dir 4
For example, Set Permissions when creating a directory:
mkdir -m 700 newdir
The below command will display all the available options and provide other assistance related to the
Congratulations! You have successfully learned the
mkdir command. Thanks for using this tutorial for explains how to create directories with the
mkdir command. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Ubuntu website.