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How to Use Pacman Commands on Manjaro

Use Pacman Commands on Manjaro

Manjaro Linux, a user-friendly operating system based on the independently developed Arch operating system, has gained popularity among Linux enthusiasts. At the heart of Manjaro, and indeed any Arch-based distribution, is the powerful package manager, Pacman. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on how to use Pacman commands on Manjaro Linux. Whether you‘re a seasoned Linux user or a newcomer to the Manjaro community, this guide will equip you with the knowledge to effectively manage your system using Pacman.

Understanding Pacman

Pacman is the default package manager for Manjaro Linux, responsible for installing, upgrading, configuring, and removing software. Developed by the Arch community, Pacman is renowned for its speed and simplicity. However, like any powerful tool, it requires a certain level of understanding to be used effectively.

Basic Pacman Commands

Let’s start with the basics. Here are some fundamental Pacman commands that every Manjaro user should know.

Updating the System

To update your system, use the following command:

sudo pacman -Syu

This command synchronizes your local package database with the remote repositories and upgrades all out-of-date packages.

Upgrading a Single Package

To upgrade a specific package, use the following command:

sudo pacman -S package_name

Replace package_name with the name of the package you wish to upgrade.

Searching for Packages

To search for a package in the repositories, use the following command:

pacman -Ss package_name

Replace package_name with the name or description of the package you’re looking for.

Installing and Removing Packages

To install a package, use the following command:

sudo pacman -S package_name

To remove a package, use the following command:

sudo pacman -R package_name

In both commands, replace package_name with the name of the package you wish to install or remove.

Advanced Pacman Commands

Once you’re comfortable with the basics, you can start exploring some of Pacman’s more advanced features.

Downgrading Packages

Sometimes, a package upgrade can cause issues. In such cases, you might need to downgrade to a previous version. To do this, use the following command:

sudo pacman -U /var/cache/pacman/pkg/package_name

Replace package_name with the name of the package you wish to downgrade.

Using Pacman-Mirrors for Faster Downloads

Manjaro includes a utility called pacman-mirrors that allows you to optimize your mirror list for faster downloads. To use it, run the following command:

sudo pacman-mirrors --fasttrack

This command will rank the mirrors based on their synchronization status and response time, ensuring that you always download from the fastest source.

Troubleshooting Common Errors

Pacman is generally reliable, but like any software, it can occasionally run into problems. If you encounter an error, the first step is to update your system. If the problem persists, consult the Manjaro forums or the Arch Wiki for further assistance.

Pacman Configuration and Files

Pacman’s behavior can be customized through its main configuration file, /etc/pacman.conf. This file contains settings for things like the repositories to use, the package cache, and various other options.

In addition to the main configuration file, Pacman also uses several other files located in /var/lib/pacman/. These files store information about installed packages and the local package database.

Tips and Best Practices

Here are some tips and best practices for using Pacman effectively:

  • Always update your system before installing new packages to avoid potential conflicts.
  • Use the pacman -Syu command instead of pacman -Sy to ensure that your entire system is up-to-date.
  • Avoid partial upgrades. They can lead to system instability and are not supported by the Manjaro team.
  • Regularly clean the package cache to free up disk space. You can do this with the paccache utility, which is included with Pacman.


Pacman is a powerful tool that lies at the heart of Manjaro Linux. With its wide range of commands and options, it provides users with complete control over their system’s software. Whether you’re installing a new package, upgrading your system, or troubleshooting an issue, Pacman has you covered. So go ahead, open up a terminal, and start exploring what Pacman can do for you.


r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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