In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Cassandra on Ubuntu 14.04. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Cassandra is a NoSQL database intended for storing large amounts of data in a decentralized, highly available cluster. NoSQL refers to a database with a data model other than the tabular relations used in relational databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL. The Apache Cassandra database is the right choice when you need scalability and high availability without compromising performance.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Cassandra in the Ubuntu 14.04 server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 14.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Apache Cassandra on Ubuntu 14.04
Step 1. First, Install the Oracle JDK.
Add the webupd8team Java PPA repository to your system:
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/java
After adding the PPA, run the commands below one by one to install Java:
sudo apt-get update sudo aptitude -y install oracle-java8-installer
Verify Installed Java Version:
# java -version java version "1.8.0_40" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_40-b25) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.40-b25, mixed mode)
Step 2. Installing Cassandra.
To install Cassandra, download the binary files from the website, unpack them, and move it to your personal folder:
cd ~/temp wget http://www.us.apache.org/dist/cassandra/2.1.4/apache-cassandra-2.1.4-bin.tar.gz tar -xvzf apache-cassandra-1.2.4-bin.tar.gz mv apache-cassandra-1.2.4 ~/cassandra
Next, create data directories for Cassandra:
sudo mkdir /var/lib/cassandra sudo mkdir /var/log/cassandra sudo chown -R $USER:$GROUP /var/lib/cassandra sudo chown -R $USER:$GROUP /var/log/cassandra
Now set Cassandra’s variables by running:
export CASSANDRA_HOME=~/cassandra export PATH=$PATH:$CASSANDRA_HOME/bin
Step 3. Start the Cassandra server.
To run a single-node test cluster of Cassandra, you aren’t going to need to change anything on the
cassandra.yaml file. Simply run:
sudo sh ~/cassandra/bin/cassandra
and then run:
sudo sh ~/cassandra/bin/cassandra-cli
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache Cassandra. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache Cassandra in Ubuntu 14.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Apache Cassandra website.