How To Install ClamAV on CentOS 7

Install ClamAV on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install ClamAV on CentOS 7. For those of you who didn’t know, ClamAV is an open-source (GPL) antivirus engine designed for detecting viruses, malware, and other malicious threats on Linux.  It’s easy to use and best for Linux-based Web & Mail servers.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of ClamAV on the CentOS 7 server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 7.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install ClamAV on CentOS 7

Step 1. First, add the EPEL repository to your system.

yum install epel-release
yum update

Step 2. Install ClamAV.

Install required ClamAV packages:

yum install clamav-server clamav-data clamav-update clamav-filesystem clamav clamav-scanner-systemd clamav-devel clamav-lib clamav-server-systemd

Step 3. Configuration of Clam daemon.

Copy the clamd.conf template, in case you don’t have a configuration file yet:

cp /usr/share/clamav/template/clamd.conf /etc/clamd.d/clamd.conf
sed -i ‘/^Example/d’ /etc/clamd.d/clamd.conf

Step 4. Configure SELinux for ClamAV.

You had to write this command to get it working with SELinux:

setsebool -P antivirus_can_scan_system 1

Step 4. Enable Freshclam.

For those of you who didn’t know, Freshclam helps with keeping the database of ClamAV up-to-date. First, delete the related “Example” line from /etc/freshclam.conf:

cp /etc/freshclam.conf /etc/freshclam.conf.bak
sed -i ‘/^Example/d’ /etc/freshclam.conf

We creating a quick file here. The process should be forking itself and start freshclam in daemon mode. In this case, we configure it to check 4 times a day for new files:

nano /usr/lib/systemd/system/clam-freshclam.service

Add the following piece:

# Run the freshclam as daemon
Description = freshclam scanner
After = network.target

Type = forking
ExecStart = /usr/bin/freshclam -d -c 4
Restart = on-failure
PrivateTmp = true


Now enable and start the service:

systemctl enable clam-freshclam.service
systemctl start clam-freshclam.service

Next, rename the /usr/lib/systemd/system/clamd@.service file:

mv /usr/lib/systemd/system/clamd@.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/clamd.service

Now we have to change the clamd@scan service as well, as it refers to a non-existing file now. Change this line in /usr/lib/systemd/system/clamd@scan.service and remove the @ sign:

.include /lib/systemd/system/clamd@.service

The next step is changing the clamd service file /usr/lib/systemd/system/clamd.service:

Description = clamd scanner daemon
After = syslog.target nss-lookup.target network.target

Type = simple
ExecStart = /usr/sbin/clamd -c /etc/clamd.d/clamd.conf --nofork=yes
Restart = on-failure
PrivateTmp = true


Move into the directory:

cd /usr/lib/systemd/system

Finally, start all services:

systemctl enable clamd.service
systemctl enable clamd@scan.service
systemctl start clamd.service
systemctl start clamd@scan.service.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed ClamAV. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing ClamAV on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official ClamAV website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to idroot.us, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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