How To Install Drupal on CentOS 7

Install Drupal on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal on CentOS 7. For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is an open-source and one of the most popular PHP-based Content Management System (CMS) platforms for building personal blogs or big corporate websites. It has thousands of templates and plugins that are mostly free to download and install. Due to the stability of the base, the adaptability of the platform, and its active community, Drupal remains a popular choice after more than a decade on the scene.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation of Drupal on CentOS 7.

Install Drupal on CentOS 7

Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.

yum -y update

Step 2. Install LAMP server and include some PHP extension.

Installing MariaDB Database Server in CentOS 7:

yum -y install mariadb-server mariadb

Installing Nginx web server in CentOS 7:

rpm -ivh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm
yum -y install nginx

Installing PHP5 and include some PHP extension:

yum -y install php php-gd php-ldap php-fpm php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp curl curl-devel php-mysql

Start LAMP service, enable to start on boot:

systemctl start mariadb.service
systemctl enable mariadb.service
systemctl start nginx.service
systemctl enable nginx.service

Step 3. Configuring MariaDB for Drupal.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set the root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:

mysql_secure_installation

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Drupal. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Drupal installation:

CREATE DATABASE drupaldb;
CREATE USER drupaluser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password_here';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON drupaldb.* TO drupaluser@localhost;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Step 4. Install Drupal on CentOS 7.

Download the latest stable version of Drupal, At the moment of writing this article it is version 7.37:

wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-7.37.tar.gz
tar xzvf drupal*
mv -v drupal*/* /var/www/html/

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/html/

Step 5. Configure Nginx web server.

Configure Nginx web server so you can access the Drupal directory on your server using your domain name:

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/drupal.conf

Then configure the file as shown below:

server {
    server_name domain.com;
    listen 80;
    root /var/www/html/drupal;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/domain.com-access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/domain.com-error.log;
    index index.php;

    location / {
        try_files  $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
    }

    location ~* \.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html)$ {
        access_log off;
        expires max;
    }
    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny  all;
    }
    location ~ \.php {
        try_files $uri = 404;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

Save the file and restart Nginx:

systemctl restart php-fpm.service
systemctl restart nginx.service

Step 6. Configure Firewall.

To access Drupal remotely you must enable port 80 through the firewall. If possible enable port 443 as well. Run the commands below:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload

Step 7. Accessing Drupal.

Drupal will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

install drupal centos 7
install drupal centos 7

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Drupal. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Drupal CMS on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Drupal website.

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