In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is an open-source and one of the most popular PHP-based Content Management System (CMS) platforms for building personal blogs or big corporate websites. It has thousands of templates and plugins that are mostly free to download and install. Due to the stability of the base, the adaptability of the platform, and its active community, Drupal remains a popular choice after more than a decade on the scene.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Drupal 9 cms on a Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.
Install Drupal on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following
apt commands in the terminal.
Step 2. Install LAMP server.
A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Installing Drupal 9 on Ubuntu 20.04.
The first thing downloads the Drupal 9 tarball to the host where the service will run:
wgethttps://www.drupal.org/download-latest/tar.gz -O drupal.tar.gz
Once the download is completed, extract the downloaded file with the following command:
We will need to change some folders permissions:
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Drupal. Run the following command:
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Drupal installation:
Now we create a new Apache configuration for the Drupal website:
Add the following lines:
Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
First, download the required packages and create a new system binary:
Next, run the certbot command that will download and install all of its dependencies:
Drupal will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
https://server-ip-address and complete the required steps to finish the installation. Remember that you’ll need the database name, username, and password you created earlier to connect. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Drupal. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Drupal content management system (CMS) on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Drupal website.