In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on CentOS 6. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allows them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Magento on CentOS 6.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: CentOS 6.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Magento on CentOS 6
Step 1. First, You need to enable webtactic repository on your system using the following command below:
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el6/latest.rpm
Step 2. Install LAMP (Apache, PHP, and MySQL) on CentOS 6.
Run the following command below to install the LAMP stack:
yum update yum intsall httpd yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing php56w php56w-opcache yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing mysql55w mysql55w-server
Install the required packages:
yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing php56w-xml yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing php56w-mcrypt yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing php56w-gd yum install --enablerepo=webtatic-testing php56w-mysql
Start LAMP service, enable to start on boot:
service httpd start service mysqld start
Step 3. Configure PHP for Magento.
Now here we should allow Magento to use enough PHP memory (it is recommended that PHP should be allowed 512 MB of RAM). To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file:
Search for the line ‘memory_limit‘ in the file:
memory_limit = 128M ### and change the value to 512 ### memory_limit = 512M
Step 4. Configuring MySQL for Magento.
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Next, we will need to log in to the MySQL console and create a database for Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MySQL root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
mysql> create database magentodb; mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magento@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; mysql> flush privileges;
Step 5. Install Magento.
Download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 22.214.171.124:
cd /var/www/html/ wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/126.96.36.199/tar -xvzf magento-188.8.131.52.tar.gz tar -xvzf magento-184.108.40.206.tar.gz rm magento-220.127.116.11.tar.gz
Set proper permissions:
cd /var/www/html/ chmod -R o+w app/etc/ chmod -R o+w var/ chmod -R o+w media/
Step 6. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://your-server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce on CentOS 6 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Magento website.