How To Install Magento With Nginx on CentOS 7

Install Magento With Nginx on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento With Nginx on CentOS 7. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation Magento with Nginx on CentOS 7.

Install Magento With Nginx on CentOS 7

Step 1. First of all, make sure that all packages are up to date.

yum -y update

Step 2. Install Nginx, PHP-FPM, and MariaDB.

You need to enable EPEL repository on your system:

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm  
rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm  
yum -y upgrade  
yum install mariadb mariadb-server nginx php-fpm php-mysql php-pear php-bcmath php-common php-gd php-pdo php-pdo-mysql php-mcrypt

Start the Nginx, PHP-FPM, and MariaDB server, enable to start on boot:

## Nginx
systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx
## MariaDB
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
## PHP-FPM
systemctl start php-fpm
systemctl enable php-fpm

Step 3. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Moodle. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE magentodb;
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magentouser@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Step 4. Configure Nginx web server for Magento.

Create an Nginx virtual block for your domain with the following content:

### nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/magentodomain.conf

server {
listen 80 default;
server_name www.magentoodomain.com *.magentoodomain.com;
root /var/www/html/magento

location / {
index index.html index.php;
try_files $uri $uri/ @handler;
expires 30d;
}

location ^~ /app/                { deny all; }
location ^~ /includes/           { deny all; }
location ^~ /lib/                { deny all; }
location ^~ /media/downloadable/ { deny all; }
location ^~ /pkginfo/            { deny all; }
location ^~ /report/config.xml   { deny all; }
location ^~ /var/                { deny all; }

location /var/export/ {
auth_basic           "Restricted";
auth_basic_user_file htpasswd;
autoindex            on;
}

location  /. {
return 404;
}

location @handler {
rewrite / /index.php;
}

location ~ .php/ {
rewrite ^(.*.php)/ $1 last;
}

location ~ .php$ {
if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite / /index.php last; }

expires        off;
fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_param  HTTPS $fastcgi_https;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_CODE default;
fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_TYPE store;
include        fastcgi_params; ## See /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
}
}

Restart the Nginx web server and PHP-FPM for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart nginx
systemctl restart php-fpm

Step 4. Install Magento.

Download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 1.9.1.0:

wget http://www.magentocommerce.com/downloads/assets/1.9.0.1/magento-1.9.0.1.zip

Unpack the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:

tar -xvzf magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz -C /var/www/html/
rm magento-1.9.1.0.tar.gz

Set proper permissions:

cd /var/www/html/magento
chmod -R o+w app/etc/
chmod -R o+w var/
chmod -R o+w media/

Step 5. Accessing Magento.

Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce on CentOS 7 system.

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