In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Magento on your Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allows them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Magento on a Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
- Analytics and Reporting – the script is integrated with Google Analytics and offers many different reports.
- Product Browsing – multiple images for products, options for extensive reviews, wishlists, and much more.
- Catalog Browsing – easy navigation, advanced product filtering system, product comparison.
- Catalog Management – inventory management, batch import and export of products, different tax rates per location, and additional product attributes.
- Customer Accounts – order status and history, e-mail and RSS feed for products in the wishlist, newsletter subscription, default billing, and shipping address.
- Customer Service – enhanced features for customers’ accounts, Contact Us form, comprehensive order tracking, and history, customizable order e-mails.
- Order Management – create orders through the admin area, create multiple invoices shipments and credit memos, call center order creation option.
- Payment – different payment methods: credit cards, PayPal, Authorize.net, Google Checkout, checks, money orders, support of external payment modules like Cybersource, ePay, eWAY, and many more.
- Shipping – shipping to multiple addresses, flat rating shipping, supports UPS, UPS XML (account rates), FedEx (account rates), USPS, and DHL.
- Checkout – one-page checkout, SSL support, checkout without having an account.
- Search Engine Optimization – 100% Search Engine Friendly, Google SiteMap support.
- International Support – multiple languages and currencies, list of allowed countries for registration, purchasing, shipping, and localization.
- Marketing Promotions and Tools – coupons, discounts, and different promotion options.
- Site Management – control of multiple websites, multiple languages, tax rate with support for US and International markets, customizable outlook through templates.
Install Magento on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 16.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:
apt-get install imagemagick php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-mbstring php7.0-mysql libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt
Step 3. Installing Magento.
The first thing to do is to go to Magento’s download page and download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 2.1.2:
Unpack the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip magento*.zip cp -rf magento/* /var/www/html/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ chmod -R 755 /var/www/html
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
CREATE DATABASE magentodb; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magento@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; flush privileges; exit
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Magento.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
magento.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/magento.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/ ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effect:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 6. Configure PHP for Magento.
Now here we should allow Magento to use enough PHP memory (it is recommended that PHP should be allowed 512 MB of RAM). To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file:
Search for the line ‘memory_limit‘ in the file:
memory_limit = 128M ### And change the value to 512 ### memory_limit = 512M
Restart Apache for the changes to take effect using the following command:
systemctl restart apache2
Step 7. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.