How To Install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Tomcat is an open-source web server and servlet container developed by the Apache Software Foundation. It implements the Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java Unified Expression Language, and Java WebSocket specifications from Sun Microsystems and provides a web server environment for Java code to run in.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Java.

Run the following command to install the OpenJDK 11 JDK package:

sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

Once installed, we can check the version using this command:

java -version

Step 3. Installing Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04.

Check for the Tomcat server package in the repository:

sudo apt-cache search tomcat

Install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04

Now download and install the tomcat9 package and the tomcat9 admin package using the following command:

sudo apt install tomcat9 tomcat9-admin

Once successfully installed it should start up automatically. You can verify it running with the ss command. You should see an open port 8080, as that is the default port for Apache Tomcat:

ss -ltn

You can start, stop, and restart Tomcat the same as any other systemd service:

sudo systemctl start tomcat9
sudo systemctl stop tomcat9
sudo systemctl restart tomcat9

Step 4. Configure Firewall.

By default, Tomcat runs on port 8080, So you need to open port 8080 to allow connections:

sudo ufw allow 8080/tcp

Step 5. Create a user for the Web Application Manager.

Now create a user for the Web Application Manager in the Tomcat Server:

sudo nano /etc/tomcat9/tomcat-users.xml

Paste the following file:

<role rolename="admin-gui"/>
<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<user username="tomcat" password="pass"roles="admin-gui,manager-gui"/>

Save and close the file, then restart Tomcat Server:

sudo systemctl restart tomcat9

Step 6. Accessing Apache Tomcat on the Ubuntu system.

Tomcat server default works on port 8080. Access tomcat in the web browser by connecting your server on port 8080, Next, enter the credentials that you gave to the new user in Tomcat Server:

http://your-ip-address:8080/manager/html

Install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Tomcat. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Apache Tomcat 9 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Apache Tomcat website.

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