In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Concrete5 on your CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Concrete5 is one of the most popular content management systems available on the Internet. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL or MariaDB to store its data. It comes with an easy to use website builder through which you can easily create pages and content. Concrete5 is flexible, secure and mobile-ready.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Concrete5 open source CMS on a CentOS 7 server.
Install Concrete5 on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum clean all yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP stack server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install the required PHP modules:
yum -y install php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt curl curl-devel
Step 3. Installing Concrete5.
The first thing to do is to go to Concrete5’s download page and download the latest stable version of Concrete5:
After downloading Concrete5 you will need to unzip master.zip. To do this, run:
unzip concrete5-8.0.3.zip mv concrete5-8.0.3 /var/www/html/concrete
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/concrete
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Concrete5.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Concrete5. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Concrete5 installation:
MariaDB [(none)]>CREATE USER 'concrete_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; MariaDB [(none)]>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON concretedb.* TO 'concrete_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password' WITH GRANT OPTION; MariaDB [(none)]>FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]>exit;
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Concrete5.
We will create an Apache virtual host for your Concrete5 website. First create ‘/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhosts.conf’ file with using a text editor of your choice:
nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhosts.conf IncludeOptional vhosts.d/*.conf
Next, create the virtual host:
mkdir /etc/httpd/vhosts.d/ nano /etc/httpd/vhosts.d/yourdomain.com.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost YOUR_SERVER_IP:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/concrete/" ServerName yourdomain.com ServerAlias www.yourdomain.com ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-error_log" CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-access_log" combined <Directory "/var/www/html/concrete/"> DirectoryIndex index.html index.php Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Require all granted </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Save and close the file. Restart the Apache service for the changes to take effects:
systemctl restart httpd.service
Next step, we should allow HTTP traffic on port 80 through firewalld. You can do this by running the following command:
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-service=http --permanent firewall-cmd --reload
Step 7. Accessing Concrete5.
Concrete5 will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Concrete5. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Concrete5 content management systems on CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Concrete5 website.