In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Concrete5 on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Concrete5 is one of the most popular content management systems available on the Internet. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL or MariaDB to store its data. It comes with an easy to use website builder through which you can easily create pages and content. Concrete5 is flexible, secure and mobile-ready.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Concrete5 open source content management system on an Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus server.
Install Concrete5 on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 16.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also install all required PHP modules:
apt-get install php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-cgi php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-xmlrpc php7.0-gd
Step 3. Installing Concrete5.
First thing to do is to go to Concrete5’s download page and download the latest stable version of Concrete5:
wget https://www.concrete5.org/download_file/-/view/99963/ -O concrete5.zip
After downloading Concrete5 you will need to unzip master.zip. To do this, run:
unzip concrete5.zip mv concrete5-8.3.1 /var/www/html/concrete5
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/concrete5
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Concrete5.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Concrete5. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Concrete5 installation:
MariaDB [(none)]>CREATE USER 'concrete_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; MariaDB [(none)]>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON concretedb.* TO 'concrete_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password' WITH GRANT OPTION; MariaDB [(none)]>FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]>exit;
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Concrete5.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘concrete.conf’ on your virtual server:
sudo a2enmod rewrite touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/concrete.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/concrete.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/concrete.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/concrete.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/concrete5 ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/concrete5> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Now, we can restart the Apache web server so that the changes take place:
systemctl restart apache2.service
Step 6. Accessing Concrete5.
Concrete5 will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Concrete5. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Concrete5 open source content management system on your Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Concrete5 website.