In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Craft CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Craft is a content management system (CMS) designed for publishers who want more control and more powerful performances from their CMS. It is a PHP-based application build on the Yii framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Craft content management system (CMS) on a Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Craft CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, and PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:
apt-get install php7.1-cli php7.1-gd php7.1-opcache php7.1-mysql php7.1-json php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-xml php7.1-curl
Step 3. Installing Craft CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
The first thing to do is to go to Craft CMS’s download page and download the latest stable version of Craft CMS, At the moment of writing this article it is version 3:
Unpack the Craft CMS archive to the document root directory on your server:
mkdir /var/www/html/craft unzip latest-v3.zip -d /var/www/html/craft
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/craft/ chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/craft/
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Craft CMS.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Craft CMS. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Craft CMS installation:
CREATE DATABASE craft; CREATE USER 'craftuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `craft`.* TO 'craftuser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Craft CMS.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
craft.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/craft.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/craft.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/craft.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/craft.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/craft/web ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/craft/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
sudo a2ensite craft.conf sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
Step 6. Accessing Craft CMS.
Craft CMS will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://server-ip-address/admin and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Craft CMS. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Craft content management system (CMS) on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Craft CMS website.